Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF DENTAL MEDICINE   WINTER 2016 , Volume 28 , Number 4; Page(s) 307 To 314.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF ANATOMIC AND CALCIFICATION VARIATION OF ELONGATED STYLOID PROCESS ON DIGITAL PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPHS OF PATIENTS AT THE DENTAL FACULTY OF RASHT (IRAN)

 
 
Author(s):  MOHTAVIPOUR SEYEDEH TAHEREH*, NEMATI SOMAYEH, JAVADZADEH HAGHIGHAT ALIEH SADAT, MOHTAVIPOUR SEYEDEH SAEEDEH, MIRKHANI MINA SADADT
 
* DEPARTMENT OF RADIOLOGY, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, GILAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, RASHT, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aims: Elongation of styloid process may result in development of Eagle syndrome with associated symptoms. This study aimed to assess the frequency of elongated styloid process (ESP) and to evaluate its prevalence according to sex and age.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on digital panoramic radiographs of patients refered to the Oral Radiology Department of dental school, Guilan University of Medical Sciences. Styloid process length was measured and classified as elongated, pseudo articulated, or segmented. Calcification patterns were determined as A, B, C, and D. ESP was defined as length>30 mm. Data were analyzed by SPSS using T-test, Chi square, Pearson, and Spearman (P<0.05).
Results: A total of 505 digital panoramic radiographs taken from 227 males (45%) and 278 females (55%) aged 10 to 72 (40.1
±12.9) years were evaluated. Elongated styloids were present in radiographs of 230 (45.5%) individuals. There was no significant difference in the ESP frequency between males (46.09%) and females (53.91%) (P=0.63). Type I and calcification B pattern showed more frequency than that of other categories.
Conclusion: According to these findings, elongated styloid process was a common condition among the studied population and had a significant correlation to the age.

 
Keyword(s): EAGLE SYNDROME, PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPHY, CALCIFICATION
 
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