Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SAFETY PROMOTION AND INJURY PREVENTION   SPRING 2016 , Volume 4 , Number 1; Page(s) 39 To 46.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF EDUCATION BASED ON THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR ON PREVENTIVE BEHAVIORS OF AGGRESSION

 
 
Author(s):  ROOSTAI SHALMAII M., RAKHSHANI F.*, RAMEZANKHANI A., SOORI H.
 
* SAFETY PROMOTION AND INJURY PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Aggressive behaviors are common among children. Considering the importance of education in promote preventive behaviors of aggression, this study was performed to determine the effect of education based on the theory of planned behavior on the prevention of aggression among fifth grade female student in Karaj city in year 1393-94.
Materials and Methods: This study was educational intervention. The study population was 144 students (experimental group: 73 and control group: 71). Students were selected through a Multi-stage Sampling method. The data gathering tool was a valid and reliable researcher designed questionnaire which completed by student at two time (before and 2 months after education). After pre-test, 8 educational session classes were performed in interventional group students. Collected data analyzed by means SPSS version 16 software and using T- test, paired t-test, linear regression and Analyze of Covariance.
Results: The mean scores of attitude (P<.001), intention (P<.001), perceived behavior control (P<.001) and aggression preventive behavior (P<.001) in intervention group had significant differences compared with control group after the intervention. Linear regression test showed that perceived behavioral control have most effect of predictive for intention (
b=.438, p<.001) and behavior of prevention of aggression (b=.267, p<.040).
Conclusion: The results showed perceived behavioral control component is most effect predictor of intention and preventive behavior of aggression and with its change may be able to prevent incidence of aggressive behavior among student.

 
Keyword(s): AGGRESSION, EDUCATION, THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR
 
References: 
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