Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SAFETY PROMOTION AND INJURY PREVENTION   WINTER 2016 , Volume 3 , Number 4; Page(s) 271 To 278.
 
Paper: 

LIFE STYLE OF BUS DRIVERS IN 2014-2015

 
 
Author(s):  SOURI A.R., DELPISHEH A.*, SAYEHMIRI K.
 
* DEPT. OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, FACULTY OF MEDICAL, ILAM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ILAM, ILAM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Drivers due to their working conditions such as job stress, lack of exercises, working time and dietary habits are more at risk for heart diseases, especially metabolic syndrome and its components. This study was aimed to investigate the demographic and life style status of public transportation bus drivers.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in 2014-2015 on 2416 bus drivers selected by random classification method across the Iran. Demographic and other required data were collected using self-made questionnaire. Frequency tables, chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression were used to analysis of data.
Results: The mean body mass index of participants was 26.38
±2.1, and 422 cases (3.85%) had normal BMI, 1862 cases (78%) were overweight and 92 cases (3.85%) were obese. Also 65.56% and 8.54% of participants had normal and borderline blood pressure, respectively. Of 2416 drivers, 68.5% were cigarette smokers, 41.4% were addicted to opium, 29.4% had high risk sexual behaviors, and 36.8% drunk alcohol which statistically significant relation was found between the number of cigarettes consumed and accident history (p<0.0001). Among those who had accident history, 78.11% and 18.86% had SCANIA and VOLVO buses, respectively. Significant difference was observed between the type of bus and accident history (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Driver’s attention to self-care and doing interventional and regulated programs in preventive on opium use, smoking and alcohol, as well as the compulsory put of condoms in first aid kit can help the drivers and passengers healthy.

 
Keyword(s): DRIVERS, ALCOHOL, ADDICTION, SEX, BODY MASS INDEX, SMOKING
 
References: 
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