Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SAFETY PROMOTION AND INJURY PREVENTION   WINTER 2016 , Volume 3 , Number 4; Page(s) 223 To 232.
 
Paper: 

THE DETERMINATION COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL FEATURES OF BUS AND TRUCK DRIVERS DURING ROAD ACCIDENTS 2013-2014

 
 
Author(s):  ALAVI S.S., MOHAMMADI M.R.*, SOORI H., JANNATIFARD F., MOHAMMADI KALHORY S.
 
* PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Vehicles are the symbol of civilization and driving considered as a necessary activity among different daily life activities such as working, social life and entertainment. The aim of the present study was to determination of cognitive-behavioral features of bus and truck drivers during road accidents.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 800 drivers were investigated. Subjects selected by convenient sampling methods among drivers referred to the Tehran Imam Sajad hospital in order to doing addiction test, in 2013 to 2014. Structured interviews was used to assess the mental health of drivers. Non-parametric test (Mann-Whitney U) and multivariate analysis were used to data analyze.
Results: The mean age (standard deviation) of drivers was 46.5(11.44). The results showed that There is statistical significan between mean scores of depression and drivers who have or not history of accidents (p<0.001). Depression and anxiety increased the chance of accidents with OR= 3.6 and OR=2.6, respectively. Among the personality traits, only neuroticism increased the chance of accidents (OR=1.05), and other personality factors were not significant in accidents.
Conclusion: Driving behaviors and occurrence of traffic crashes affected by some mental disorders. Given the importance and sensitivity of driving behaviors on the crash, it is essential to do comprehensive psychological assessments among drivers before and after giving driver's license.

 
Keyword(s): COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL FEATURES, DRIVER, BUS, TRUCK
 
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