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Paper Information

Journal:   ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION   2016 , Volume 5 , Number 4; Page(s) 61 To 77.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS ON DRYLAND WHEAT YIELD AND SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN WHEAT-FALLOW ROTATION IN KURDISTAN

 
 
Author(s):  HEIDARPOUR N., GHASEMI MOBTAKER H.*, TOUSHIH V.
 
* DEPT. OF BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF TABRIZ
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Among the factors that control organic matter content of soils used for agricultural production, crop rotations and management practices are under the control of a manager. Tillage is one of the management tools, which can be defined as a modification of soil structure resulting from the operation of mechanized implements. Soil quality is governed primarily by the tillage practices used to fulfill the contrasting soil physical and hydrological requirements. Different tillage management could affect crop yield because of their effects on water conservation and soil chemical and physical properties. According to the cause, this study was carried out in order to investigate the effect of different tillage methods on wheat yield and soil physical and chemical properties in wheat - fallow rotation, in station of Ghamloo (Kurdistan).
Materials and Methods: This experiment was conducted by randomized completed block design with 4 replications and 5 treatments in 2 phases for 3 years since 2004. The tillage treatments were: chisel plow in fall +sweep in spring (A1); non moldboard plow + sweep in spring (A2); no tillage in fall + Herbicide in spring (A3); no tillage in fall + sweep in spring (A4); check (Moldboard plow in spring) (A5). In all treatments, variety of Azar 2 with grain drill was planted equally. Also, in order to determine the effects of tillage methods on some physical and chemical properties of soil and plant, measurements were performed.
Results: The results of combined variance analysis revealed that the wheat yield and components in different years were different due to the difference in rate and distribution of precipitation and cold weather in different years. The product yield in the first year (1963 kg ha-1) was the highest. Effect of tillage treatments on wheat quantity and quality and also yield components was significant, so that, the highest amounts of almost measured factors, obtained from treatment (A3).
Conclusion: Based on the results of the investigations, for obtaining higher product quantity and quality of dryland wheat in the study region, it is suggested to apply no-tillage + herbicide in spring system.

 
Keyword(s): TILLAGE, WHEAT, YIELD, SOIL PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES, ROTATION
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

HEIDARPOUR, N., & GHASEMI MOBTAKER, H., & TOUSHIH, V. (2016). EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS ON DRYLAND WHEAT YIELD AND SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN WHEAT-FALLOW ROTATION IN KURDISTAN. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION, 5(4), 61-77. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=509283



Vancouver: Copy

HEIDARPOUR N., GHASEMI MOBTAKER H., TOUSHIH V.. EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS ON DRYLAND WHEAT YIELD AND SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN WHEAT-FALLOW ROTATION IN KURDISTAN. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION. 2016 [cited 2021May08];5(4):61-77. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=509283



IEEE: Copy

HEIDARPOUR, N., GHASEMI MOBTAKER, H., TOUSHIH, V., 2016. EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS ON DRYLAND WHEAT YIELD AND SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN WHEAT-FALLOW ROTATION IN KURDISTAN. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION, [online] 5(4), pp.61-77. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=509283.



 
 
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