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Paper Information

Journal:   ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION   2016 , Volume 5 , Number 4; Page(s) 21 To 40.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF CO-INOCULATION OF URBAN WASTE COMPOST AND THREE TRICHODERMA SPECIES (TRICHODERMA SPP.) ON THE GROWTH CHARACTERS AND NUTRITION UPTAKE IN GARDEN CRESS (LEPIDIUM SATIVUM L.)

 
 
Author(s):  MOTTAGHIAN A., PIRDASHTI H.*, BAHMANYAR M.A., MOTTAGHIAN B.
 
* DEPT. OF AGRONOMY, GENETICS AND AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE OF TABARESTAN, SARI AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND NATURAL RESOURCES UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Nowadays, the use of organic wastes in agriculture system is an important issue for both soil conservation and residual disposal. Municipal waste compost is a valuable source of some macro and micro nutrients and organic matter that enhanced different crops yield such as wheat, soybean and canola. Furthermore, application of Trichoderma fungus species can improve plant growth and development in addition to increases in biomass, biotic and abiotic stresses resistance and nutrient absorption. Therefore, the current experiment was aimed to evaluate the municipal waste compost and Trichoderma species fungi efficacy on seedling emergence parameters, growth and some micronutrients uptake of garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.).
Materials and Methods: The experimental arrangement was factorial in a randomized complete block design with three replications in plastic pots (15 cm diameter). Treatments consisted of three levels of municipal waste compost (15, 30, 45 Mg ha-1 alone and plus 50% chemical fertilizer), recommended chemical fertilizer (100 kg ha-1 of urea, potassium sulfate and triple super phosphate) and a check (no compost or chemical fertilizer application) and three Trichoderma species (viridae, harzianum and hamatum). Trichoderma spores were adjusted in 108 mL colony forming units for 1 kg/soil dry weight. Some growth characters such as plant height, root length, fresh and dry matters of root and aerial parts were recorded 35 days after sowing. The root and aerial part samples were washed with distilled water and oven dried at 65oC for at least 2 days. The extract of plant ashes (0.5 g) was prepared with 2.5 CC of HCl (38%) and further diluted to 50 cm3. Then, micronutrient concentrations (Fe, Zn, Cu and Mn) were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. The statistical analysis of experiment data was performed by using SAS software and mean comparison of evaluation traits was done by least significant difference (LSD) method at 5% level of probability.
Results: The results showed that application of 15 Mg ha-1 enriched compost and inoculation of soil with T. harzianum fungous promoted final emergence percentage, field emergence rate and cumulative emergence rate. In the current experiment, the 30 and 45 Mg ha-1 enriched municipal waste compost increased fresh and dry weight of aerial part (up to 21%) and plant height and root length (up to 16%) as compared to chemical fertilizer alone. Also, T. harzianum fungi increased fresh and length of plant root (20 and 5.30%, respectively) compared to T. viridae. The mean comparisons of fertilizer and Trichoderma interaction effects on plant tissue micronutrient content indicated that the maximum Mn content belonged to 15 and 30 Mg ha-1 municipal waste compost (enriched and non-enriched) inoculated with T. hamatum and the highest plant Fe content was observed in co-inoculation of 45 Mg ha-1 enriched compost and T. hamatum.
Conclusion: In conclusion, application of 40 Mg ha-1 municipal waste compost markedly improved the quantity and quality characters of garden cress compared to the chemical fertilizer treatment. Also, Trichoderma species had different efficiencies on the studied parameters, so that T. harzianum specie showed superiority in seedling establishment, growth parameters and plant quality compared to the T. viridae.

 
Keyword(s): GARDEN CRESS, TRICHODERMA, COMPOST, MICROELEMENTS
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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APA: Copy

MOTTAGHIAN, A., & PIRDASHTI, H., & BAHMANYAR, M., & MOTTAGHIAN, B. (2016). EFFECT OF CO-INOCULATION OF URBAN WASTE COMPOST AND THREE TRICHODERMA SPECIES (TRICHODERMA SPP.) ON THE GROWTH CHARACTERS AND NUTRITION UPTAKE IN GARDEN CRESS (LEPIDIUM SATIVUM L.). ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION, 5(4), 21-40. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=509276



Vancouver: Copy

MOTTAGHIAN A., PIRDASHTI H., BAHMANYAR M.A., MOTTAGHIAN B.. EFFECT OF CO-INOCULATION OF URBAN WASTE COMPOST AND THREE TRICHODERMA SPECIES (TRICHODERMA SPP.) ON THE GROWTH CHARACTERS AND NUTRITION UPTAKE IN GARDEN CRESS (LEPIDIUM SATIVUM L.). ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION. 2016 [cited 2021July29];5(4):21-40. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=509276



IEEE: Copy

MOTTAGHIAN, A., PIRDASHTI, H., BAHMANYAR, M., MOTTAGHIAN, B., 2016. EFFECT OF CO-INOCULATION OF URBAN WASTE COMPOST AND THREE TRICHODERMA SPECIES (TRICHODERMA SPP.) ON THE GROWTH CHARACTERS AND NUTRITION UPTAKE IN GARDEN CRESS (LEPIDIUM SATIVUM L.). ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF SOIL MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION, [online] 5(4), pp.21-40. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=509276.



 
 
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