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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS   2015 , Volume 31 , Number 5 (73); Page(s) 743 To 752.
 
Paper: 

EXTRACTION, IDENTIFICATION AND COMPARISON OF ESSENTIAL OILS OF FLOWERS, LEAVES, STEMS AND FLOWERING SHOOTS OF ACHILLEA VERMICULARIS TRIN.

 
 
Author(s):  MAHMOODZADEH HOSSEINI M.S.*, SEFIDKON F., SALEHI SHANJANI P., NAJAFI GH.R.
 
* ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, QOM BRANCH, QOM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Achillea vermicularis Trin., belonging to Astraceae family, is distributed at North and North- West Iran. It is used for treatment of arthritis infusion of the leaves, gastritis, asthma, and diseases of the liver in traditional medicine. In this study, for the first time, the seeds of A. vermicularis was collected from West Azarbayjan and cultivated in the field of Alborz research station, Karaj, Iran. In order to comparing the essential oil content and composition, flowering shoots and individual plant parts (flowers, leaves and stems) were collected in full flowering stage. The plant materials were dried at shade and their essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation. The oils were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/Mass). The highest oil yields (w/w of dry weight) were obtained from flowers (0.53%) and leaves (0.52%) and the lowest oil yield was obtained from stems (0.24%). The oil yield of total aerial parts was 0.43%. According to these results, the distillation of all aerial parts is more suitable in comparison with oil extraction from the flowers that is common for other Achillea species, resulting in wasting a lot of essential oils in the leaves and stems. Twenty-nine compounds were identified in the essential oils, of which 1,8-cineol, camphor and piperitone were found in all essential oils in significant quantities. The content of camphor varied from 4.1% in stem oil to 19.2% in flower oil. Minimum and maximum content of 1,8- cineol was found in the stem oil (3.3%) and flower oil (23.3%), respectively. The minimum content of piperitone (4.9%) was obtained in stem oil and aerial parts oil was rich in piperitone (26.4%). There were special differences among the essential oils of plant parts. The presence of special compounds such as heptadecane (31.1%) and hexadecanol (18.6%) and n-henei cosine (4.5%) and n-octadecane only in stem oil (3.1%), germacrene D in aerial parts oil (13.6%), were other differences.

 
Keyword(s): ACHILLEA VERMICULARIS TRIN., ESSENTIAL OILS, 1,8-CINEOL, PIPERITONE, CAMPHOR
 
 
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APA: Copy

MAHMOODZADEH HOSSEINI, M., & SEFIDKON, F., & SALEHI SHANJANI, P., & NAJAFI, G. (2015). EXTRACTION, IDENTIFICATION AND COMPARISON OF ESSENTIAL OILS OF FLOWERS, LEAVES, STEMS AND FLOWERING SHOOTS OF ACHILLEA VERMICULARIS TRIN.. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS, 31(5 (73)), 743-752. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=508881



Vancouver: Copy

MAHMOODZADEH HOSSEINI M.S., SEFIDKON F., SALEHI SHANJANI P., NAJAFI GH.R.. EXTRACTION, IDENTIFICATION AND COMPARISON OF ESSENTIAL OILS OF FLOWERS, LEAVES, STEMS AND FLOWERING SHOOTS OF ACHILLEA VERMICULARIS TRIN.. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS. 2015 [cited 2021May17];31(5 (73)):743-752. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=508881



IEEE: Copy

MAHMOODZADEH HOSSEINI, M., SEFIDKON, F., SALEHI SHANJANI, P., NAJAFI, G., 2015. EXTRACTION, IDENTIFICATION AND COMPARISON OF ESSENTIAL OILS OF FLOWERS, LEAVES, STEMS AND FLOWERING SHOOTS OF ACHILLEA VERMICULARIS TRIN.. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS, [online] 31(5 (73)), pp.743-752. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=508881.



 
 
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