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Paper Information

Journal:   PAYESH   OCTOBER-NOVEMBER 2016 , Volume 15 , Number 5; Page(s) 533 To 547.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THEORY-BASED MULTIMEDIA SOFTWARE ON EXERCISE BEHAVIOR AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG WOMEN: THE WOMEN AND ACTIVE LIFE STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  GHOLAMNIA SHIRVANI ZEINAB, GHOFRANIPOUR FAZLOLLAH*, GHARAKHANLOU REZA, KAZEMNEJAD ANOSHIRVAN
 
* DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH EDUCATION, TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective(s): The purpose of this intervention was to evaluate a theory-driven instructional multimedia about exercise behavior and health-related physical fitness among women in Tehran, Iran.
Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial. In all a random sample of 130 women who were living in institutional houses in Tehran, Iran (2014) participated in the study. We designed ‘Women and Active Life’ self-taught multimedia based on the expanded theory of planned behavior (TPB) using the Flash and ActionScript3 software. This multimedia consisted of a menu with six principal actions (particularly educational sessions). The expected outcomes were analyzed at baseline, 3 and 6 months post-intervention.
Results: Administering educational package was conducive in increasing and sustaining all outcome measures including the developed TPB constructs, cardiopulmonary fitness, muscular strength/endurance and flexibility in the experimental group at 3 and 6 months post-education, respectively (P<0.001). Additionally we observed that body fat percentage, waist to hip ratio and body mass index reduced and retained (P<0.001). However, no significant changes occurred in aforesaid variables in the control group (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Utilizing new technologies such as interactive multimedia grounded on the expended TPB led to improved exercise behavior, aerobic/muscular fitness and body composition in women.

 
Keyword(s): EXERCISE BEHAVIOR, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR, PLANNING, MULTIMEDIA, PHYSICAL FITNESS
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 98
 
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