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Paper Information

Journal:   RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES)   JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2016 , Volume 22 , Number 140; Page(s) 110 To 117.
 
Paper: 

VITAMIN D AND CHILDHOOD PNEUMONIA

 
 
Author(s):  HOSSEININEJAD NASRIN, KALBASI ZOHREH*, AFSHAR JILA
 
* ALI ASGHAR HOSPITAL, IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Vitamin D has a vital effect on calcium and phosphor hemostasis and bone formation. Deficiency of vitamin D causes rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Vit.
D has a regulatory effect on immune system. This vitamin has inhibitory effect on cytokines and stimulates production of antimicrobial peptides. Recent studies have shown that rickets and even subclinical insufficiency of vit. D has a direct relation with pneumonia. This study was done in purpose of evaluation of vit. D serum level in small children with pneumonia.
Methods: This is a descriptive study. The personal data’s of 50 children between 2 and 59 months old who were hospitalized due to pneumonia (name, age, sex, weight and height) and their vaccination, nutrition (breast milk) and measured serum vit. D level were recorded and analyzed.
Results: The mean of serum vit.D level was 31.78±1.75. The vit. D level in 22 patients was less than 30ng/ml (44% insufficiency or deficiency) and in 28 patients (56%) it was more than 30ng/ml.5 patients had vit.D level under 10ng/ml (severe deficiency in 10%). This study did not show any relation between vit. D level and severity of pneumonia or duration of hospitalization.
Conclusion: This study shows that the mean of serum vit. D level in children with pneumonia is significantly low. But it needs to do a study with normal control group for comparing their mean vit.D level.

 
Keyword(s): PNEUMONIA, CHILDREN, VITAMIN D
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

HOSSEININEJAD, N., & KALBASI, Z., & AFSHAR, J. (2016). VITAMIN D AND CHILDHOOD PNEUMONIA. RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES), 22(140), 110-117. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=508626



Vancouver: Copy

HOSSEININEJAD NASRIN, KALBASI ZOHREH, AFSHAR JILA. VITAMIN D AND CHILDHOOD PNEUMONIA. RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES). 2016 [cited 2021May14];22(140):110-117. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=508626



IEEE: Copy

HOSSEININEJAD, N., KALBASI, Z., AFSHAR, J., 2016. VITAMIN D AND CHILDHOOD PNEUMONIA. RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES), [online] 22(140), pp.110-117. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=508626.



 
 
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