Paper Information

Journal:   RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES)   DECEMBER 2015-JANUARY 2016 , Volume 22 , Number 139; Page(s) 93 To 102.
 
Paper: 

INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS, COMMON CLINICAL FEATURES AND DIET HISTORY IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 1 AND 2 DIABETES IN ESLAMSHAHR-TEHRAN

 
 
Author(s):  AHMADI RAHIM*, FOROUTAN MARYAM, ALINAVAZ MINA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, FACULTY OF BASIC SCIENCES, HAMEDAN BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, HAMEDAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Diabetes is among the common metabolic disorders in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the individual characteristics, common clinical features and diet history in patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes in Eslamshahr-Tehran.
Methods: This cross sectional retrospective study was conducted to investigate patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes referred to care centers during 2010-2012 in Eslamshahr and documentarily profiled. Individual questionnaire, food frequency questionnaire and face to face interview were used to collect the data. The data was analyzed using t- or Chi-square tests and ANOVA.
Results: The frequency of type 2 diabetes was significantly more than type 1 (p<0.01). The frequency of type 1 or 2 diabetes was higher in females than males (p<0.01). A family history of diabetes was observed in 64% and 82% of patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes, respectively.
47.8% of patients with type 1diabetes and 42.9% of patients with type 2diabetes reported a history of psychological problems and 27.5% of patients with type 1diabetes and 27.1% of patients with type 2 diabetes reported a history of negative life events. There was lower consumption of cereal food groups in diabetic patients than standard recommended orders (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Occurrence of diabetes was more common in females than males and of type 2 diabetes was more common than type 1 diabetes. Genetic background, familial history, diet and history of psychological problems were among the important causes associated with diabetes occurrence.

 
Keyword(s): TYPE 1 DIABETES, TYPE 2 DIABETES, INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS, CLINICAL FEATURES, DIET, ESLAMSHAHR
 
References: 
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