Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF PERIODONTOLOGY & IMPLANT DENTISTRY   2016 , Volume 8 , Number 1; Page(s) 8 To 11.
 
Paper: 

EFFICACY OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHLORHEXIDINE MOUTHWASH ON PLAQUE ACCUMULATION AND PERIODONTAL PARAMETERS

 
 
Author(s):  ZARANDI ALI, SALAHADDIN SINA, FARAMARZI MASOUMEH*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PERIODONTICS, FACULTY OF DENTISTRY, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and aims. Dental plaque and gingivitis were controlled by administration of chemical agents such as chlorhexidine (CHX) which is recognized as a gold standard of chemical agents. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two mouthwashes (0.2% CHX and Kin Gingival) on clinical parameters.
Materials and methods. A total of 88 subjects were included in this interventional?experimental study. The subjects were divided into two groups of 44 (group 1: 0.2% CHX and group 2: Kin Gingival). The study involved no mechanical plaque control methods. Patients used the mouthwashes twice a day for two weeks. Clinical parameters included plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD) and bleeding on probing (BOP), which were measured before and after the use of mouthwashes. The results were analyzed by Man-Whitney U and chi-squared tests. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05.
Results. The results indicated that PI, GI and PD significantly decreased in group 2 (Kin Gingival) in comparison with group 1 (0.2% CHX) (P<0.05). However, the two mouthwashes did not differ significantly from each other in relation to BOP (P>0.05).
Conclusion. Based on the results it can be concluded that Kin Gingival and 0.2% CHX mouthwashes decrease the clinical parameters in patients significantly. However, Kin Gingival is more effective than 0.2% CHX, which might be attributed to the synergic antibacterial potential of Kin Gingival ingredients like sodium fluoride.

 
Keyword(s): CHLORHEXIDINE, MOUTHWASH, GINGIVAL PARAMETERS
 
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