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Paper Information

Journal:   WATER AND SOIL SCIENCE (AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE)   2015 , Volume 25 , Number 2; Page(s) 207 To 220.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK (ANN) AND MULTI VARIABLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS (MRA) MODELS TO PREDICT GROUND WATER QUALITY CHANGES (CASE STUDY: KASHAN AQUIFER)

 
 
Author(s):  MIRZAVAND M., GHASEMIEH H.*, SADATINEJAD S.J., AKBARI M.
 
* WATERSHED MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE, FACULTY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND GEOSCIENCE, UNIV. OF KASHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The adjacency of Kashan aquifer to the saltwater front of the Salt Lake has caused a hydraulic gradient, resulting in the advancement of saltwater into the aquifer. Owing to the current situation, qualitative simulation of groundwater of Kashan plain has been implemented with Artificial Neural Network and Multi Variable Regression models in this study. For this purpose, prior to the model implementation, first we attempted to determine the dominant type of water. Results showed that the sodium chloride was the dominant type of water. Therefore, in addition to the water table fluctuations and precipitation amount, the chloride concentration in the previous year was considered as the model's input, while the output was the chloride concentration in this year. The results indicated that the MLP produced more accurate results than the RBF and MLR models, so that, the corresponding adjusted R2 values for these models were 0.97, 0.89 and 0.34, respectively. The outcomes revealed that the linear hyperbolic tangent activation function and Momentum algorithm produced better results than the other applied algorithms and functions. The resulted outcome of sensitivity analysis showed that concentration of chloride in the previous year and water table fluctuations had the most effect on the chloride concentration simulation.

 
Keyword(s): ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK, GROUNDWATER QUALITY, KASHAN AQUIFER, MULTI VARIABLE REGRESSION, SODIUM- CHLORIDE
 
References: 
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