Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF CHRONIC DISEASE CARE   2016 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SENSORY-PROCESSING DISORDERS AND SLEEP DISTURBANCES IN SCHOOL-AGED AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN SHIRAZ, 2015

 
DOI: 

10.17795/jjcdc-32337

 
Author(s):  GHANBARI SAHAR*, REZAEI AMIN
 
* DEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY, SCHOOL OF REHABILITATION SCIENCES, SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHIRAZ, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Autism is a neurological disorder that limits communication, socialization, and participation of children in symbolic play. Sensory processing disorders are common characteristics (45% to 96%) of children with pervasive development disorders, including. Sleep disorders are also more prevalent in autistic children than in normal children.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sensory processing disorders and sleep disturbances in school-aged autistic children.
Patients and Methods: This study is quantitative, observational, and cross-sectional. 35 school-aged autistic children in Shiraz, Iran were selected using cluster sampling. A demographic questionnaire, short sensory profile (SSP), and the sleep disturbance scale for children (SDSC) were used. The Pearson correlation coefficient and Pearson chi-square were used during data analysis.
Results: Results shows that autistic children show clear differences from normal function (74.3%), possible differences with normal function (20%), and normal function (5.7%) in their total sensory processing scores. 95.3% of autistic children had some degrees of abnormal sensory processing disorder. Also, 68.6% of the participants suffered from sleep disorders. However, there was no relationship between sensory processing disorders and sleep disturbances in children with autism (P value = 0.83). Also, there was no correlation between the subscales of sensory processing disorders and the subscales of sleep disturbances.
Conclusions: The results showed that despite the simultaneous high prevalence of sleep disturbances and sensory processing disorders in children with autism, there isn’t a significant relationship between the two conditions among these children.

 
Keyword(s): CHILD PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENT DISORDERS, SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER, SLEEP DISORDERS, AUTISM
 
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