Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (UNIVERSITY OF TABRIZ)   SUMMER 2016 , Volume 26 , Number 2; Page(s) 73 To 84.
 
Paper: 

SIMULATION OF SOIL NITROGEN CONTENT EFFECT ON WEED SEEDLING EMERGENCE PATTERN IN MOLDAVIAN BALM (DRACOCEPHALUM MOLDAVICA L.)

 
 
Author(s):  MORADIAN AFSANEH*, YOUSEFI ALI REZA, JAMSHIDI KHALIL, ANDALIBI BABAK
 
* DEPT. OF AGRONOMY AND PLANT BREEDING, UNIVERSITY OF ZANJAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The soil nitrogen content with impact on weed seed dormancy breaking can change their seedling emergence pattern. A trial was carried out in 2014 to predict seedling emergence of Xanthium strumarium, Chenopodium album, Echinocloa cruss-galli, Amaranthus retroflexus and Convolvulus arvensis, and to evaluate the impact of soil nitrogen content (Control with 0.07% nitrogen, adding 50 and 100 kg N.ha-1) on seedling emergence pattern in Moldavian balm. The experimental design was randomized complete block design. Weed seedlings were counted and removed on a weekly basis throughout the season. The data were converted to percent of cumulative emergence and percentage of cumulative emergence values was compared with thermal time using Gompertz modified functions. The all species showed different emergence patterns and thermal time required for the onset of emergence. The results also showed that the emergence patterns of Chenopodium and Convolvulus not affected by nitrogen treatments. However, soil nitrogen content significantly changed emergence patterns of A. retroflexus, E. cruss-galli and X. strumarium. According to our model, A. retroflexus, E. cruss-galli and X. strumarium emergence, respectively, started at 237, 96 and 63 TT with 50 kg additional nitrogen.ha-1, while the respective value in control were 340, 117 and 135, respectively. Due to influence of soil nitrogen on emergence pattern of A. retroflexus, E. cruss-galli and X. strumarium, soil nitrogen content should be considered as an important parameter in the modeling of these weed seedling emergence.

 
Keyword(s): MODELING, NITROGEN, SUMMER WEEDS, THERMAL TIME, WEED MANAGEMENT
 
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