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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF CHRONIC DISEASE CARE   2016 , Volume 5 , Number 1; Page(s) 12 To 17.
 
Paper: 

THE PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND ITS RELATION TO AGE, BODY MASS INDEX, AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN DANIEL SUSA, IRAN 2014

 
DOI: 

10.17795/jjcdc-29020

 
Author(s):  HEDAYATINEJAD MARYAM, HEDAYATINEJAD EHSAN, FAYAZI SADIGHEH*, ZAREA KOUROSH
 
* CHRONIC DISEASE CARE RESEARCH CENTER, NURSING AND MIDWIFERY SCHOOL, AHVAZ JUNDISHAPUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AHVAZ, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Hypertension is the most common public health problem that its prevalence increases along with the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents. It also has a direct relationship with cardiovascular diseases in adults.
Objectives: This study was performed to determine the prevalence of hypertension among high school girls in Susa, Iran and its relation to age, body mass index, and physical activity.
Patients and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 400 female students aged 15 - 19 years were selected using multistage cluster random sampling method. Their height, weight, and blood pressure (blood pressure was measured twice while in sitting position) were measured by standard methods. The international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to score their physical activity. The individual questionnaire was completed by essential question toward hypertension. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 22 using descriptive indexes and the Chi-square and Pearson tests while P<0.05 was considered as significant.
Results: The prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension is 5% and 40.3% in the high school girls, respectively. The frequency of age ranges between 14 and 18 years, with the highest frequency belonged to the age of 16 years. Also, there was a significant relationship between age and increase in blood pressure (P=0.022). Direct significant linear relationship and difference were reported between hypertension and exercise (P=0.025), as well as body mass index (P=0.036).
Conclusions: The results showed a high prevalence of hypertension in girls with little difference with regard to ethnic groups, indicating that the use of training programs to adjust and modify lifestyle attitudes not only is effective in reducing hypertension, but also can prevent the adolescents’ susceptibility to the diseases that cause disability, increased living costs and weakened family ties.

 
Keyword(s): PREVALENCE, BLOOD PRESSURE, BMI, ADOLESCENT GIRLS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

HEDAYATINEJAD, M., & HEDAYATINEJAD, E., & FAYAZI, S., & ZAREA, K. (2016). THE PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND ITS RELATION TO AGE, BODY MASS INDEX, AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN DANIEL SUSA, IRAN 2014. JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF CHRONIC DISEASE CARE, 5(1), 12-17. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507797



Vancouver: Copy

HEDAYATINEJAD MARYAM, HEDAYATINEJAD EHSAN, FAYAZI SADIGHEH, ZAREA KOUROSH. THE PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND ITS RELATION TO AGE, BODY MASS INDEX, AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN DANIEL SUSA, IRAN 2014. JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF CHRONIC DISEASE CARE. 2016 [cited 2021May09];5(1):12-17. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507797



IEEE: Copy

HEDAYATINEJAD, M., HEDAYATINEJAD, E., FAYAZI, S., ZAREA, K., 2016. THE PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND ITS RELATION TO AGE, BODY MASS INDEX, AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS IN DANIEL SUSA, IRAN 2014. JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF CHRONIC DISEASE CARE, [online] 5(1), pp.12-17. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507797.



 
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