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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES (IJPBS)   SPRING 2014 , Volume 8 , Number 1; Page(s) 26 To 31.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS ATTENDING AN OUTPATIENT CLINIC IN NIGERIA

 
 
Author(s):  OBADEJI ADETUNJI*, OGUNLESI ADEGBOYEGA O., ADEBOWALE TIMOTHY O.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY, UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, PMB 5535, ADO-EKITI, EKITI STATE, NIGERIA
 
Abstract: 

Objective: Studies have identified high prevalence of depression among people living with HIV/AIDS, but only few studies have looked into this association in this environment. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of major depressive disorder, associated socio-demographic and psychosocial variables in people living with HIV/AIDS attending an out-patient clinic at the Olabisi Onabanjo Teaching Hospital (OOUTH), Sagamu, Nigeria.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on one-hundred and thirty subjects living with HIV/AIDS attending out-patient clinic at the OOUTH, Sagamu. They were assessed with a socio-demographic questionnaire designed by the researchers, and they also had a clinical interview with the depression module of the Structured Clinical Interview Schedule for Axis 1 DSM-IV disorders (SCID). The diagnosis was made according to the DSM- IV criteria and severity assessed with the Hamilton Rating Scale for depression.
Results: The prevalence of depression was 23.1% and was higher than figures reported in the general population studies in Nigeria. Of this proportion 46.7%, 50%, 3.3% were mildly, moderately and severely depressed. Majority (40%) were within the 30-39 years range. Women accounted for 69.2% of the study population and 46.9% of the subjects were either divorced/separated or widowed. Depression was significantly associated with being female and having suicidal thoughts or attempt. There was no association between marital status, disclosure of status and duration of HIV diagnosis.
Conclusion: The prevalence of depression is high among people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. An appropriate mental health intervention programme would be necessary as part of national programme for people living with HIV/AIDS to reduce the negative impact of depression on them.

 
Keyword(s): DEPRESSION, HIV/AIDS, NIGERIA, PREVALENCE
 
 
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APA: Copy

OBADEJI, A., & OGUNLESI, A., & ADEBOWALE, T. (2014). PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS ATTENDING AN OUTPATIENT CLINIC IN NIGERIA. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES (IJPBS), 8(1), 26-31. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507764



Vancouver: Copy

OBADEJI ADETUNJI, OGUNLESI ADEGBOYEGA O., ADEBOWALE TIMOTHY O.. PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS ATTENDING AN OUTPATIENT CLINIC IN NIGERIA. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES (IJPBS). 2014 [cited 2021July27];8(1):26-31. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507764



IEEE: Copy

OBADEJI, A., OGUNLESI, A., ADEBOWALE, T., 2014. PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS ATTENDING AN OUTPATIENT CLINIC IN NIGERIA. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES (IJPBS), [online] 8(1), pp.26-31. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507764.



 
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