Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF CHRONIC DISEASE CARE   2015 , Volume 4 , Number 4; Page(s) 55 To 59.
 
Paper: 

VIDEO TRAINING PROGRAMS AND THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WITH TYPE II DIABETES

 
DOI: 

10.17795/jjcdc-29611

 
Author(s):  BARAZ SHAHRAM*, SHAHBAZIAN HAJIEE BIBI, MILADINIA MOJTABA, ZAREA KOUROSH
 
* DIABETES RESEARCH CENTER, AHVAZ JUNDISHAPUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AHVAZ, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Improving health quality of life (QOL) for patients with type 2 diabetes are ongoing challenges for health care providers. Education can significantly reduce the chances of developing long-term complications of diabetes. Currently, there is a need to test the effects of a video tape program.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of video training programs on QOL of patients with type 2 diabetes.
Patients and Methods: This study with the quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was conducted in the outpatient clinic of Golestan hospital in Ahvaz city, Iran, in 2014. Thirty patients were selected on the basis of a nonrandomized sampling. Each patient was assessed before starting the educational intervention by questionnaires about educational requirements and Iranian version of the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) health survey. After determining educational needs, a video-tape educational program was designed based on the principles of patient education and also through counseling with the experienced endocrinologist and nutritionist. This movie was shown to the patients for five one-hour sessions in two weeks. The questionnaire of QOL was completed one month after implementation of the educational program. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and paired t-test using SPSS software. P values of less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: Results showed that there was a significant increase in general health perception (P = 0.033), physical functioning (P = 0.001), role physical (P = 0.000), social functioning (P = 0.001), pain (P = 0.002), and mental health (P = 0.001); however, there was no statistically significant increase in energy and fatigue and role emotional.
Conclusions: Our educational intervention with the video information method can improve the QOL of patients with type 2 diabetes. Additionally, an approach to patient education based on video may serve as a choice for people with diabetes to raise their disease-related knowledge in order to care for themselves and improving the QOL.

 
Keyword(s): DIABETES MELLITUS; QUALITY OF LIFE; VIDEOTAPE RECORDING-PATIENT EDUCATION
 
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