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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH)   2016 , Volume 10 , Number 2; Page(s) 113 To 119.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS INFECTION IN THE GOATS AND SHEEP

 
 
Author(s):  REZAEI S., HAJI HAJIKOLAEI M.R.*, GHADRDAN MASHHADI A.R., GHORBANPOUR M., ABDOLLAHPOUR G.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CLINICAL SCIENCES, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, SHAHID CHAMRAN UNIVERSITY OF AHVAZ, AHVAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: Most leptospiral infections in sheep and goat are asymptomatic but may result in high fever, abortion, stillbirth, agalactiae. There is a different foraging behavior between sheep and goat that may cause the different prevalence of Leptospira interrogans infection in sheep and goats.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to compare the prevalence ofL. interrogans antibodies in sheep and goats.
METHODS: Blood samples were taken from 246 sheep and 210 goats in 12 herds from 8 areas of Ahvaz where the animals were kept together. Sera were initially screened at dilution of 1: 100 against 8 live serovars of L. intrrogans: pomana, canicola, hardjo, ballom, ictrohaemorrhagiae, grippotyphosa, tarasovi and australis using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT).
RESULTS: The prevalence of leptospiral infection was 8.53% in sheep and 10.95% in goats. The highest reacting leptospira in both species wasL.i. Pomona with a reactor rate of 68.18% in sheep and 56% in goats, followed in descending order by ictrohaemorrhagiae (18.8%), canicula, hardjo and grippotyphosa (each of them 4.54%), in sheep and ictrohaemorrhagiae (28%), canicula (16%) in goats. Statistical analysis showed that were no significant differences between sheep and goat (P=0.428).
There were no significant differences among age groups in sheep (p=0.301) and goats (p=0.363), but there was a tendency in adults sheep and goats (
³3years) to be more seropositive than young sheep and goats. Seroprevalence of leptospiral infection among various areas in sheep (p=0.464) and goats (p= 0.710) was also not significantly different.
CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that there is no difference between sheep and goats in terms of leptospiral infection when they are kept together in the same herd and husbandry condition.

 
Keyword(s): GOAT, LEPTOSPIROSIS, SEROPREVALENCE, SHEEP
 
 
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APA: Copy

REZAEI, S., & HAJI HAJIKOLAEI, M., & GHADRDAN MASHHADI, A., & GHORBANPOUR, M., & ABDOLLAHPOUR, G. (2016). COMPARISON OF LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS INFECTION IN THE GOATS AND SHEEP. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH), 10(2), 113-119. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507699



Vancouver: Copy

REZAEI S., HAJI HAJIKOLAEI M.R., GHADRDAN MASHHADI A.R., GHORBANPOUR M., ABDOLLAHPOUR G.. COMPARISON OF LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS INFECTION IN THE GOATS AND SHEEP. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH). 2016 [cited 2021August01];10(2):113-119. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507699



IEEE: Copy

REZAEI, S., HAJI HAJIKOLAEI, M., GHADRDAN MASHHADI, A., GHORBANPOUR, M., ABDOLLAHPOUR, G., 2016. COMPARISON OF LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS INFECTION IN THE GOATS AND SHEEP. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH), [online] 10(2), pp.113-119. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507699.



 
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