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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH)   2016 , Volume 10 , Number 1; Page(s) 73 To 81.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTS OF ARTICHOKE (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.) EXTRACT ON ANTIOXIDANT STATUS IN CHICKEN THIGH MEAT

 
 
Author(s):  MIRDERIKVANDI M., KIANI A., KHALDARI M., ALIREZAEI M.*
 
* DIVISION OF BIOCHEMISTRY, SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, LORESTAN UNIVERSITY, KHORRAM ABAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: Artichoke extract (AE), containing natural antioxidant compounds, can be considered as a good source of antioxidant potential.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate antioxidant abilities of AE on broiler meat quality.
METHODS: 200 Ross chicken broilers were divided into five equal groups and received 100, 200, 300, and 500 mg/liter of AE in drinking water and pure water in the control group, respectively.
Antiradical activity and phenolic content of AE were determined by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and gallic acid measurement before adding extract into drinking water. The broilers received AE extract form 21-35 day of growing phase and the samples from thigh muscles were taken for biochemical analysis in the 42 day of the growing phase.
RESULTS: Antiradical activity of AE was 35% and phenolic content was 3.3 g/100g of dry extract. Regarding antioxidant enzymes, such as glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT), the AE with dosage of 200 mg/l indicated maximum antioxidant ability compared to the other groups (p<0.05). Supplementation of AE200 mg/l also demonstrated the lowest GPx and CAT activities, compared to the control and AE 300 mg/l groups (p<0.05). Regarding performance weight gain, average daily weight gain, percentage of weight gain in 21 to 35 as well as final weight were similar in control and AE-received groups and AE indicated similar effect for all the treatments.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that administration of 200 mg/l AE in drinking water during growing phase decreased GPx and CAT activities in chicken meat presumably due to down-regulation of gene expression for antioxidant enzymes.

 
Keyword(s): ARTICHOKE EXTRACT, BROILER CHICKEN, GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE, LIPID STABILITY
 
 
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APA: Copy

MIRDERIKVANDI, M., & KIANI, A., & KHALDARI, M., & ALIREZAEI, M. (2016). EFFECTS OF ARTICHOKE (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.) EXTRACT ON ANTIOXIDANT STATUS IN CHICKEN THIGH MEAT. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH), 10(1), 73-81. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507685



Vancouver: Copy

MIRDERIKVANDI M., KIANI A., KHALDARI M., ALIREZAEI M.. EFFECTS OF ARTICHOKE (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.) EXTRACT ON ANTIOXIDANT STATUS IN CHICKEN THIGH MEAT. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH). 2016 [cited 2021May14];10(1):73-81. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507685



IEEE: Copy

MIRDERIKVANDI, M., KIANI, A., KHALDARI, M., ALIREZAEI, M., 2016. EFFECTS OF ARTICHOKE (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.) EXTRACT ON ANTIOXIDANT STATUS IN CHICKEN THIGH MEAT. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH), [online] 10(1), pp.73-81. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507685.



 
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