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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH)   2016 , Volume 10 , Number 1; Page(s) 19 To 26.
 
Paper: 

INVESTIGATION ON MYCOFLORA OF POULTRY BREEDING HOUSES’ AIR AND STUDYING THE EFFICACY OF SPRAYING AND FUMIGATION ON INACTIVATING THE AIRSPORA

 
 
Author(s):  SHOKRI H.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PATHOBIOLOGY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, AMOL UNIVERSITY OF SPECIAL MODERN TECHNOLOGIES, AMOL, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: A common concern of the poultry industry is the presence of fungal pathogens in the birds’ environment, which may constitute a considerable health hazard to the birds, farmers, and those living in proximity of the farm.
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the mycoflora in the indoor and outdoor environments of poultry breeding houses and studying the efficacy of disinfection methods, including spraying and fumigation, on reducing airspora concentration.
METHODS: Indoor air of 12 poultry houses were sampled by exposing Petri dishes containing Sabouraud’s glucose agar after removal of old litter, spraying with disinfectant solutions, and fumigation with formalin plus permanganate. The plates were incubated at 30 °C for seven days and fungi were counted and identified microscopically and macroscopically according to standard mycological methods.
RESULTS: A total of 182 and 181 fungal colonies were recovered from indoor and outdoor air of poultry houses, respectively.
Candida (30.2%) and Aspergillus (26.9%) species were the most common yeast and mold in the indoor, respectively, whereasAlternaria (37.6%) andCandida (19.3%) species were the most predominant fungi in the outdoor air of poultry houses. Disinfection of the poultry houses using spraying and fumigation methods led to a 38.1% and 75% reduction in airspora concentration (p<0.05), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of the present study, Candida spp and Alternaria spp had the highest indoor and outdoor concentrations in poultry breeding houses’ air, respectively, and fumigation was the most efficient method in reducing airspora.

 
Keyword(s): AIRSPORA, CANDIDA, FUMIGATION, MYCOFLORA, POULTRY HOUSE
 
 
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APA: Copy

SHOKRI, H. (2016). INVESTIGATION ON MYCOFLORA OF POULTRY BREEDING HOUSES’ AIR AND STUDYING THE EFFICACY OF SPRAYING AND FUMIGATION ON INACTIVATING THE AIRSPORA. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH), 10(1), 19-26. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507657



Vancouver: Copy

SHOKRI H.. INVESTIGATION ON MYCOFLORA OF POULTRY BREEDING HOUSES’ AIR AND STUDYING THE EFFICACY OF SPRAYING AND FUMIGATION ON INACTIVATING THE AIRSPORA. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH). 2016 [cited 2021July30];10(1):19-26. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507657



IEEE: Copy

SHOKRI, H., 2016. INVESTIGATION ON MYCOFLORA OF POULTRY BREEDING HOUSES’ AIR AND STUDYING THE EFFICACY OF SPRAYING AND FUMIGATION ON INACTIVATING THE AIRSPORA. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH), [online] 10(1), pp.19-26. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507657.



 
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