Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH   2014 , Volume 9 , Number 3; Page(s) 320 To 323.
 
Paper: 

IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONCENTRATION IN TEARS OF CONTACT LENS WEARERS

 
DOI: 

10.4103/2008-322X.143368

 
Author(s):  MAURYA RAJENDRA P.*, BHUSHAN PRASHANT, SINGH VIRENDRA P., SINGH MAHENDRA K., KUMAR PRAKASH, BHATIA RAVINDRA P.S., SINGH USHA
 
* B33/10×2C?1, ROHIT NAGAR EXTENSION NARIA, VARANASI ? 221 005, UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA
 
Abstract: 

Purpose: To evaluate changes in the concentration of tear immunoglobulins in contact lens wearers.
Methods: A total of 45 cases including 23 contact lens wearers (43 eyes) and 22 age and sex matched healthy controls having no ocular pathology were studied for immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM) in their tears by single radial immunodiffusion method.
Results: Most of the cases used soft (56.6%) and semi-soft gas permeable (30.4%) contact lenses. Tear IgM was detected in only 17.4% and tear IgG in 43.6% of contact lens wearers, while in controls IgG was detected in 9.1% but none of the controls had IgM. There was a significant rise in total tear IgA (13.17±4.44 mg/dl) in contact lens wearer as compared to controls (8.93±3.79 mg/dl). Rise of tear IgA was more in symptomatic patients (15.38±5.28 mg/dl) and in those wearing hard (19.73±5.43 mg/dl) and semi-oft contact lenses (13.31±5.43 mg/dl). A significant increase in tear IgA was noticed in subjects wearing lenses for>3 years (15.69±5.39 mg/dl). About 43.4% of lens wearers were symptomatic and 80% of their lenses showed deposits and/or haziness. All cases with IgM in tear were symptomatic.
Conclusion: The relation of immunoglobulin concentration with increasing duration of wear and material of contact lens shows that tear immunoglobulin rise accrues due to mechanical stimulation, hence contact lenses should not be used for a long period and lenses of hard nature should be discouraged. The maintenance, cleaning and deproteinization of the lenses are of high importance to avoid immunostimulation.

 
Keyword(s): CONTACT LENS, RADIAL IMMUNODIFFUSION METHOD, TEAR IMMUNOGLOBULINS
 
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