Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND PAPER SCIENCE RESEARCH   2016 , Volume 31 , Number 1; Page(s) 130 To 140.
 
Paper: 

BIODEGRADATION AND MIGRATION BEHAVIOR OF CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL - NANOCLAY REINFORCED PLA COMPOSITES

 
 
Author(s):  KORD B.*, ROOHANI M.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PAPER AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY, FACULTY OF CHEMISTRY AND PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING, STANDARD RESEARCH INSTITUTE (SRI), KARAJ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In this study, the synergic effects of cellulose nanocrystal and nanoclay on the biodegradation and migration behavior of composite films based on polylactic acid (PLA) were investigated. PLA and PLA-based nanocomposite films containing different loads of cellulose nanocrystal and nanoclay (0, 3 and 5 wt % each) were fabricated using a solvent casting method. In order to improve the compatibility and miscibility of the whole system with respect to PLA matrix, cellulose nanocrystal was treated with oleic acid. For evaluating the biodegradation and migration behavior of films, the enzymatic degradation, biodegradation, buried in soil and compost; and overall migration were tested. The results indicated that the biodegradability of the composites increased with the increase of nanoparticles in the enzymatic, soil and compost media. Besides, with the addition of cellulose nanocrystal and nanoclay to the polymer matrix, the overall migration of composites decreased. This could be due to a better adhesion of the nanoparticles to the polymer matrix, and the tortuousity of their path.

 
Keyword(s): NANOCOMPOSITE, POLYLACTIC ACID, BIODEGRADATION, WEIGHT LOSS, OVERALL MIGRATION
 
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