Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND PAPER SCIENCE RESEARCH   2016 , Volume 31 , Number 1; Page(s) 166 To 179.
 
Paper: 

APPLICATION OF NANO SILVER IN THE PRODUCTION OF ANTIBACTERIAL BANK-NOTE

 
 
Author(s):  YAZDANI AGHMASHHADI O.*, ASADPOUR ATOEE GH., RASOOLY GARMAROODY E., IMANI R.
 
* UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND NATURAL RESOURCES, SARI, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Bank-note during in its lifetime exposed to different environments and various applicationns with high frequency. As it is confirmed in scientific studies, bank-note can be one of the most important and perhaps rarest of disease and parasites carriers in society. The goal of this study is evaluation of the appropriate solution for antibacterial banknote paper production using silver nanoparticles as an antibacterial agent and a cationic polyacrylamide as retention aid. Laboratory pulp of cotton fibers bleached with hydrogen peroxide with freeness of 34 oSR, consistency of 3.1% and neutral pH were prepared and then above additives were added with specified conditions (nano silver with 25, 50, 75 and 100 ppm with 0.3% percent cationic polyacrylamide) and finally 90 g/m2 standard handsheets made from above mentioned pulp. To verify the presence of silver particles in paper structure, the hand sheet papers were characterized by SEM. UV-vis spectrophotometric method was used to evaluate of antibacterial properties of paper. Also, papers were analyzed in strength and optical properties. The results showed that with increasing the silver nanoparticles consumption, paper strength properties and brightness were decreased, and opacity increased. The biological test results showed that the antibacterial properties of paper were improved with silver nanoparticles consumption. Based on the results of strength, optical and biological tests and also economic and environmental overviews, 25ppm consumption of nano-silver was determined as optimized treatment.

 
Keyword(s): BANK-NOTE, TURBIDITY TEST, PAPER ANTIBACTERIAL, SILVER NANOPARTICLES
 
References: 
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