Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH ON HISTORY OF MEDICINE   2016 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 69 To 86.
 
Paper: 

THE STORY OF STOECHAS: FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT DAY

 
 
Author(s):  FARSAM HASSAN, AHMADIAN ATTARI SADEGH, KHALAJ AMIR, KAMALINEJAD MOHAMMAD, SHAHROKH RAFAT, AHMADIAN ATTARI MOHAMMAD MAHDI*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, ME-DICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH CENTER OF BARIJ, KASHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The information about herbs’ medicinal properties is ample in traditional manuscripts, some of which are of value even in modern medicine.
However, it is not usually easy to put it into practice. Identifying traditional herbs and determining their scientific names are very challenging, calling for many ethnopharmacological studies. One significant herb in traditional medicine isstoechas. Its medical properties are found in traditional manuscripts, but the true origin of the herb is not yet known.
This study followed the origin of stoechas through history, from ancient Rome to the conquered lands of Islam in Spain, from North Africa to India, to find its trace in various civilizations, including their traditional medicines. The results showed that the stoechas mentioned in Dioscorides and Pliny’s books was referred to asLavandula stoechas. This herb was prescribed in Persia for centuries as an imported drug, and the Arabicized/Persianized name, os?o??d?s, was used for it. Several herbs have been used asstoechas due to a variety of reasons: mistranslation, miscategorization, and substitution/adulteration; the herbs wereWoodfordia fruticosa (India, 11th cent.), Rosmarinus officialis (North Africa, 13th cent. Northern Iran, 17th cent.). Around 100 years ago, L. stoechas was substituted by L. dentata and around 50 years ago, it was substituted byNepeta menthoides in herbal markets of Iran. All of these herbs were sold as stoechas because of its similar medicinal effects as well as its similar appearance. Some information about its effects is documented invarious manuscripts; yet few proper studies have conducted to test them.

 
Keyword(s): STOECHAS, BOTANY, TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, LAVENDER, MEDICAL HISTORY
 
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