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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY (JJM)   MAY 2016 , Volume 9 , Number 5; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF CLARITHROMYCIN RESISTANCE AMONG IRANIAN HELICOBACTER PYLORI ISOLATES BY E-TEST AND REAL-TIME POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION METHODS

 
 
Author(s):  HAKEMI VALA MOJDEH*, EYVAZI SHIRIN, GOUDARZI HOSSEIN, SARIE HAMID REZA, GHOLAMI MEHRDAD
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Helicobacter pylori is an important pathogen of human gastric mucosa. Antibiotic resistance, especially resistance to clarithromycin is a major factor for treatment failure of H. pylori infections. The main mechanism of clarithromycin resistance in these bacteria is related to point mutations in three different locations of 23S rRNA gene.
Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the resistance rate to clarithromycin among local H. pylori isolates by the E-test method and to determine the profile of point mutation in 23S rRNA by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method.
Patients and Methods: Eighty biopsy samples were collected from dyspeptic patients by endoscopy during 2011 - 2012. All samples were homogenized immediately and cultured on supplemented brucella blood agar and incubated under microaerophilic conditions. Further biochemical tests and ureC gene PCR was done for H. pylori confirmation. The H. pylori OC1096 strain was used as the control strain, simultaneously. Frequency of clarithromycin resistance was determined by the E-test method based on the clinical and laboratory standard institute (CLSI) standards. Point mutation profile was determined by real-time PCR and further analysis of melting curve, amplicon sequencing was done continuously.
Results: From 80 biopsy samples, 20 positive H. pylori isolates were detected and confirmed by biochemical tests and PCR method. Overall, 21.7% of the H. pylori isolates, showed clarithromycin resistance phenotype by use of the E-test. Also, the minimal inhibitory concentration of clarithromycin was determined as
³0.5 mg/L by the E-test method. Only point mutation in the location of A2143G with melting temperature of 54.7oC was observed in all resistant isolates.
Conclusions: This study showed that the frequency of H. pylori clarithromycin resistance in Iran is relatively high. Since clarithromycin is not commonly used in Iran for H. pylori eradication, the high rate of resistance could be related to cross-reactivity between other macrolides. Therefore, macrolide antibiotics must be prescribed with precaution in any case of treatment other than H. pylori infections. All resistant isolates showed A2143G mutation in 23S rRNA as the dominant pattern of point mutation at least in Tehran H. pylori isolates.

 
Keyword(s): CLARITHROMYCIN, REAL-TIME POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION, HELICOBACTER PYLORI
 
References: 
 
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