Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES   SUMMER 2016 , Volume 9 , Number 3; Page(s) 579 To 597.
 
Paper: 

REFORM BY REFLECTION: SCHON’S LEGACY TO MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN TIMES OF UNCERTAINTY

 
 
Author(s):  ATTAR HOOMAN*, SHAHABI SEYED MOHAMMAD REZA, MOHAMMADI KIA KOLAH AMLASHI MAHDIS
 
* FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT, AMIRKABIR UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In this paper, we revisit Donald Schon’s scholarly work on “handling uncertainty”, suggesting that in order to cope reasonably well with uncertainty, practitioners should be encouraged to take a reflective existential stance, aimed to explore their own tacit personal style (i.e., theories-in-use). They should (i) recall and reflect on their theories-in-use to bear on the phenomenon, (ii) metaphorically explore and establish analogies, and (iii) seek to frame manageable problems while (iv) coping with the anxiety this creates. They should bear in mind that there cannot be an ideal outcome. Some practical implications are also discussed.

 
Keyword(s): EXISTENTIALISM, REFLECTIVE PRACTICE, TECHNICAL RATIONALITY, UNCERTAINTY
 
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