Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH   2014 , Volume 9 , Number 4; Page(s) 469 To 477.
 
Paper: 

PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY AND INTRAVITREAL BEVACIZUMAB WITH VERSUS WITHOUT TRIAMCINOLONE FOR NEOVASCULAR AGE?RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION, A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL

 
 
Author(s):  PIRI NILOOFAR, AHMADIEH HAMID, TAEI RAMIN, SOHEILIAN MASOUD, KARKHANEH REZA, LASHAY ALIREZA, GOLBAFIAN FAEGHEH, YASERI MEHDI, RIAZI ESFAHANI MOHAMMAD*
 
* EYE RESEARCH CENTER, FARABI EYE HOSPITAL, QAZVIN SQ., TEHRAN 13366, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Purpose: To compare the outcomes of photodynamic therapy (PDT) combined with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) with versus without intravitreal triamcinolone (IVT) in neovascular age?related macular degeneration (AMD).
Methods: Eighty-four eyes with active CNV secondary to AMD with no prior treatment were enrolled and followed for 1-year. Eligible eyes were randomly assigned to either PDT/IVB or PDT/IVB/IVT. The main outcome measure was change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).
Results: Mean patient age was 71 ± 9 years. BCVA changes from baseline were statistically significant in both study arms at all follow?p intervals, however no significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding BCVA changes at week 12 (95% CI: -.11-.12 LogMAR) and other time points (all P>0.6). Mixed model analysis revealed a significant effect from age (P<0.001), pigment epithelial detachment (P=0.009) and baseline BCVA (P<0.001) on visual improvement. Significant central macular thickness (CMT) reduction occurred at all?time points as compared to baseline in both groups which was comparable between the study arms. There was no significant difference between the study arms in terms of retreatment rate (P=0.1) and survival to the first repeat IVB injection (P=0.065).
Conclusion: Additional low-dose IVT to a PDT/IVB regimen for neovascular AMD provided no beneficial effects in terms BCVA or CMT, yet demonstrated a trend toward extending the injection?free period.

 
Keyword(s): AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION, BEVACIZUMAB, CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULAR MEMBRANE, COMBINATION (COMBINED) THERAPY, PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY, TRIAMCINOLONE
 
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