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Paper Information

Journal:   BAGH-E NAZAR   SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2016 , Volume 13 , Number 40; Page(s) 57 To 72.
 
Paper: 

TYPOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTS IN BUTTRESSES FROM THE BEGINNING TO THE HISTORICAL ERA IN IRANIAN ARCHITECTURE

 
 
Author(s):  KARIMI NARGES, ABOUEI REZA, HEYDARI DARIUSH
 
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Abstract: 

As a masonry structure, buttresses have the role of controlling the sliding force of the main wall. This architectural element has been used in residential and non-residential buildings in various methods and ways from distant years. In this regard, archaeological evidences are the only valid indices by referring to which we can tacitly learn about the record of buttresses. Where and how it has first been used is not known, and nowhere has it been explicitly referred to. Even archaeologists have tacitly and briefly referred to it in their excavation reports. However, based on accessible limited reports, expansive application of this structure can be dated to post-Neolithic era when architects became aware of structural performance of this element and gradually with their part experiences; they used it in a different way with better structural performance. In this research, studied about Buttress types in terms of position, form and shape, used material, execution technique, ornament and technical function. By studying buttresses built during prehistoric and historical period, it will be seen that there were no structural scientific frameworks based on findings related to the strength of materials and mechanical rules. Little by little and through time, architects began to understand structural performance and structural perception of buttresses, owing to the experience and deep attitude towards the nature and behavior of masonry buildings. They emphasized not only the balance in forces, but also their appearance and esthetics. Lack of comprehensive research in this regard necessitated this research, and this issue was dealt with through library studies and descriptive and analytical research method.

 
Keyword(s): IRANIAN ARCHITECTURE, PRE-HISTORIC ERA, HISTORICAL PERIOD, TYPOLOGY OF BUTTRESS STRUCTURE
 
 
References: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

KARIMI, N., & ABOUEI, R., & HEYDARI, D. (2016). TYPOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTS IN BUTTRESSES FROM THE BEGINNING TO THE HISTORICAL ERA IN IRANIAN ARCHITECTURE. BAGH-E NAZAR, 13(40), 57-72. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507269



Vancouver: Copy

KARIMI NARGES, ABOUEI REZA, HEYDARI DARIUSH. TYPOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTS IN BUTTRESSES FROM THE BEGINNING TO THE HISTORICAL ERA IN IRANIAN ARCHITECTURE. BAGH-E NAZAR. 2016 [cited 2021May16];13(40):57-72. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507269



IEEE: Copy

KARIMI, N., ABOUEI, R., HEYDARI, D., 2016. TYPOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTS IN BUTTRESSES FROM THE BEGINNING TO THE HISTORICAL ERA IN IRANIAN ARCHITECTURE. BAGH-E NAZAR, [online] 13(40), pp.57-72. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=507269.



 
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