Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND HEALTH   MAY-JUNE 2016 , Volume 6 , Number 2; Page(s) 280 To 288.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF COGNITIVE THERAPY BASED ON THE ALLEGORICAL ON ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN STUDENTS

 
 
Author(s):  ABEDI FATEMEH*, SHOA KAZEMI MEHRANGIZ, POR SHAHRIARI MAH SIMA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES, SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY ALZAHRA UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Anxiety and depression are the most common mental health problems among children and adolescents and can affect their performance among many other aspects of their lives. The purpose of controlled semi-experimental study uses a pretest-posttest design to do the effect of allegorical cognitive therapy on anxiety and depression disorders among students. The study population consisted of all junior high school students from district 3, who completed Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Maria Kovacs' Children's Depression Inventory. A total of 24 students with the highest scores of anxiety and the lowest scores of depression were selected and randomly divided into a trial group and a control group after matching. The trial group received allegorical cognitive therapy over 12 one-hour sessions, but the control group received no training. Both groups then took the posttest at the end of the intervention. The results showed a significant difference between the trial group and the control group in their anxiety and depression after the educational intervention, which persisted until the 6-month follow up evaluation. cognitive therapy based on the allegorical successfully reduced anxiety and depression in the students after their educational intervention had ended and persisted until the follow-up period.

 
Keyword(s): ANXIETY, COGNITIVE THERAPY, DEPRESSION
 
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