Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND HEALTH   MARCH-APRIL 2016 , Volume 6 , Number 1; Page(s) 161 To 166.
 
Paper: 

USING THE HEALTH BELIEF MODEL REGARDING HIV/ AIDS PREVENTION AMONG FEMALE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

 
 
Author(s):  SOLTANI KHADIJEH, TAVAFIAN SEDIGHEH SADAT*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH EDUCATION, FACULTY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

This study aimed to design and evaluate the effects of an educational program based on health belief model on beliefs of high school female students. Participants from 9th, 10th and 11th grades including 77 students from intervention school and 72 students from control school were assessed. The intervention group were received a 90-minute educational session based on the model. Data were collected through a valid self administered questionnaire at initial of the study and two months after intervention. The mean ages of intervention and control group were as 15.49±0.91 and 15.65±0.99 respectively. The two groups were the same at the beginning of the study in terms of all variables except for fathers’ education, mothers’ education and mothers’ occupation. After intervention the mean score of knowledge in intervention group (12.9±1.33) was significantly better than control group (10.6±1.85). Furthermore, at 2- month follow up, the mean scores of other constructs including perceived susceptibility (21.7±4.29), perceived severity (25.48±5.46), perceived benefit (22.18±2.9), perceived barrier (20.12±3.16) and perceived self efficacy (21.87 ±3.61) were significantly better than these constructs in control group. The educational program improved beliefs of the students regarding HIV/AIDs preventive behaviors.

 
Keyword(s): HEALTH BELIEF MODEL, HEALTH EDUCATION, HIV/AIDS, PREVENTION, STUDENT
 
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