Paper Information

Journal:   BASIC AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE   JULY 2016 , Volume 7 , Number 3; Page(s) 203 To 211.
 
Paper: 

AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN NEUROPATHIC PAIN BEHAVIOR AND SPINAL MICROGLIAL ACTIVITY AFTER L5 SPINAL NERVE LIGATION IN MALE RATS

 
DOI: 

10.15412/J.BCN.03070305

 
Author(s):  ZEINALI HOSSEIN, MANAHEJI HOMA*, ZARINGHALAM JALAL, BAHARI ZAHRA, NAZEMI SAMAD, SADEGHI MEHDI
 
* NEUROPHYSIOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Several studies have reported the involvement of age-related changes in the development of neuropathic pain behaviors. However, limited data are available on the role of age in establishing and maintaining chronic neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury.
Methods: In the present study, we examined age-related neuropathic behavior among rats in 4 age groups: pups (4 weeks old; weight, 60–80 g), juvenile rats (6 weeks old; weight, 120–140 g), and mature rats (10–12 weeks old; weight, 200–250 g). Because the exact contribution of spinal microglia and its association with the development of neuropathic pain remains unknown, we also evaluated the expression of spinal Iba1, a microglial marker, by using western blotting before and 5 days after spinal nerve ligation (SNL) as well as after the daily IP administration of minocycline (30 mg/kg).
Results: Our results showed that SNL-induced mechanical allodynia but not thermal hyperalgesia in mature rats but not in pups (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively). The expression of spinal Iba1 in the juvenile rats was significantly lower than that in pups and mature rats (P<0.01). Moreover, administration of minocycline decreased the expression of spinal Iba1 in the pup rats more than in juvenile rats (P<0.001) and in the juvenile rats more than in the mature rats (P<0.05).
Conclusion: These data suggest that the development of neuropathic behaviors and microglial activation after SNL could be age dependent.

 
Keyword(s): AGE- RELATED, HYPERALGESIA, ALLODYNIA, IBA1
 
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