Paper Information

Journal:   BASIC AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE   JULY 2016 , Volume 7 , Number 3; Page(s) 187 To 194.
 
Paper: 

REVIEW PAPER: A REVIEW ON BRAIN STIMULATION USING LOW INTENSITY FOCUSED ULTRASOUND

 
 
Author(s):  REZAYAT EHSAN*, GHODRATI TOOSTANI IMAN
 
* INSTITUTE FOR COGNITIVE SCIENCE STUDIES, PAZHOUHESHKADEH BLV., SAFIR OMID BLV., PARDIS NEW CITY (15 KMS NORTH EAST OF TEHRAN), THERAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Brain stimulation techniques are important in both basic and clinical studies. Majority of well-known brain stimulating techniques have low spatial resolution or entail invasive processes. Low intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) seems to be a proper candidate for dealing with such deficiencies. This review recapitulates studies which explored the effects of LIFU on brain structures and its function, in both research and clinical areas.
Although the mechanism of LIFU action is still unclear, its different effects from molecular level up to behavioral level can be explored in animal and human brain. It can also be coupled with brain imaging assessments in future research.

 
Keyword(s): LOW-INTENSITY PULSED ULTRASOUND (LIPUS), NON INVASIVE BRAIN STIMULATION (NIBS), NEUROMODULATION, NEUROIMAGING
 
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