Paper Information

Journal:   MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL OF CANCER   JULY 2016 , Volume 7 , Number 3; Page(s) 137 To 143.
 
Paper: 

PREDICTIVE FACTORS OF RADIATION-INDUCED LUNG TOXICITY IN LUNG CANCER PATIENTS: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  SOLIMAN MAHER*
 
* ONCOLOGY DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, ALEXANDRIA UNIVERSITY, ALEXANDRIA 21526, ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT
 
Abstract: 

Background: Radiation-induced lung toxicity is an important dose-limiting toxicity in lung cancer radiotherapy, for which there are no generally accepted predictive factors. This study seeks to identify risk factors associated with the development of severe radiation-induced lung toxicity using clinical and dosimetric parameters.
Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 54 patients with histologically proven stage III non-small cell lung cancer treated with three dimensional-conformal radiotherapy at Alexandria Main University Hospital between January 2008 and December 2011. The original treatment plans for those patients were restored and imported to a treatment planning system. Lung dose–volume histograms and various dosimetric parameters were calculated. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed.
Results: The following grades of radiation-induced lung toxicity were observed in patients - grade 0: 17 (31.5%), grade 1: 5 (9.3%), grade 2: 13 (24.1%), grade 3: 15 (27.8%), and grade 5: 4 (7.4%). A total of 19 (35.2%) patients developed grade ?3 and were considered to have an event. Univariate analysis showed that age, presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and location of the primary tumor had significant associations with severe radiation-induced lung toxicity. Other dosimetric variables such as tumor side, histology, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, smoking, and gender showed no significant correlations with severe radiation-induced lung toxicity. Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P=0.001) and location of the primary tumor (P=0.010) were the only predictive factors for severe radiation-induced lung toxicity.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lower lung lobe tumors have a high risk of severe radiationinduced lung toxicity when treated with combined chemoradiotherapy. These easily obtained clinical factors should be considered when calculating the risk for radiationinduced lung toxicity.

 
Keyword(s): DOSE–VOLUME HISTOGRAM, LUNG CANCER, RADIOTHERAPY, TOXICITY
 
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