Paper Information

Journal:   JENTASHAPIR JOURNAL OF HEALTH RESEARCH (JENTASHAPIR)   FEBRUARY 2016 , Volume 7 , Number 1; Page(s) 1 To 7.
 
Paper: 

PROPER LAYOUT OF WHITEBOARD IN CLASSROOMS OF SCHOOLS OF HEALTH, AND NUTRITION AND FOOD SCIENCES AT SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, 2014

 
DOI: 

10.17795/jjhr-27701

 
Author(s):  DANESHMANDI HADI*, MAHMOODI ZEINAB, NASIRI ZOHREH, FOROOTANI SANA, KESHTGAR LEILA
 
* RESEARCH CENTER FOR HEALTH SCIENCES, SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHIRAZ, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: The mismatch between equipments and anthropometric dimensions of users is one of the issues that can be effective on development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the proper layout of whiteboard in classrooms of schools of health, and nutrition and food sciences at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS).
Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 140 students in schools of health, and nutrition and food sciences at SUMS were investigated. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisted of demographic and anthropometric characteristics, the numerical rating scale and body map. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software version 16 using descriptive statistics and Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: Mean severity of discomfort in neck (2.38-0.6) was higher than the other regions of body among the students. The results of this study revealed that the mean severity of discomfort in neck in female students (2.43-1.01) was higher than in male ones (1.27-1.04). Also, the results showed that the mean severity of discomfort in neck among students who were in the classrooms with window opposite of whiteboard was higher than the students in classrooms with beside window. Proper lower and upper heights of installation of whiteboard from the floor were calculated 105 and 195.2 cm, respectively.
Conclusions: The layout of whiteboard in classrooms can be effective in causing student’s neck pain. In this study, the suitable height of installation of whiteboard was determined and it is recommended to be used in classrooms.

 
Keyword(s): MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, RATING SCALE, BOARD, STUDENTS
 
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