Paper Information

Journal:   NAGHSH MAYEH   SEPTEMBER 2014 , Volume 8 , Number 19; Page(s) 7 To 18.
 
Paper: 

ALTAR AND ITS MOTIFS (SELJUK AND ILKHANATE ERA)

 
 
Author(s):  MEHDINEJAD MOGHADDAM LALEH, GOUDARZI MOSTAFA
 
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Abstract: 

The main characteristic of Seljuk architecture is the art of brickwork and for Ilkhanate Era's Architecture, it is acrography. The combination of altars of these two eras is not recognizable. Due to sanctity of altars, its decorative transformation occurred in a longer period. The artists performed their art in altars such as other construction components. The ancient works indicate that our artists have shown interest to Altar decorations from third century. They applied different motifs such as plants, inscriptions, geometrical and symbolic motifs to decorate altar. The altar construction was gradually developed from Seljuk Era to Mughal Period. The colors are more obvious in altars of Ilkhanate Era and the inscriptions are more manifested. Sometimes in the Ilkhanate Era, the decorative motifs are not well constructed and the layouts and backgrounds are not separated. The objective of this research is to a short history and investigate the function of plants, inscriptions and geometrical motifs in Islamic altars of Seljuk and Ilkhanate Eras and then, the objective is to investigate these motifs in 2 Islamic altars, i.e. Alavian Dome of Seljuk Era and Jamea mosque of Bastam of Ilkhanate Era that are covered in this study.

 
Keyword(s): ALTAR, MOTIFS, SELJUK, ILKHANATE
 
References: 
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