Paper Information

Journal:   JENTASHAPIR JOURNAL OF HEALTH RESEARCH (JENTASHAPIR)   APRIL 2016 , Volume 7 , Number 2; Page(s) 1 To 4.
 
Paper: 

GONAD SHIELDING FOR PATIENTS UNDERGOING CONVENTIONAL RADIOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS: IS THERE CAUSE FOR CONCERN?

 
DOI: 

10.17795/jjhr-31170

 
Author(s):  KARAMI VAHID, ZABIHZADEH MANSOUR*, GHOLAMI MEHRDAD
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL PHYSICS, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, AHVAZ JUNDISHAPUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, 61357-33118, AHVAZ, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Gonad shielding is one of the fundamental methods by which to protect reproductive organs in patients undergoing conventional radiological examinations. A lack of or inadequate shielding of the gonads may increase the exposure of these organs and result in malignancies future generations.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of gonad shielding in patients undergoing conventional radiological examinations and the availability of gonad shields and gonad shielding protocols in radiology departments.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective, observational cross-sectional study on the application of gonad shielding, the availability of gonad shields and the existence of gonad shielding protocols in radiology departments was performed in five different hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran.
Results: The highest application of gonad shielding was 6.6% for the pediatric hospital. The prevalence of gonad shielding was less than 0.2%. In 64.3% of the radiography rooms, at least one flat-contact gonad shield of a large size was available. Only large-sized gonad shields were available. Curved-contact and shadow gonad shields did not exist. Gonad shielding protocols were not existence in any of the fourteen radiography rooms investigated.
Conclusions: Comprehensive protection programs with on-the-job training courses for staff members are strongly recommended, as well as, the provision of radiological shields and gonad shielding protocols in radiology departments to reduce the patient’s radiation dose during radiological examinations.

 
Keyword(s): GONAD SHIELDING, RADIATION RISK, RADIATION PROTECTION, RADIOLOGY
 
References: 
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