Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH   2015 , Volume 10 , Number 1; Page(s) 16 To 20.
 
Paper: 

CORNEAL COLLAGEN CROSS?LINKING FOR TREATMENT OF NON?HEALING CORNEAL ULCERS

 
 
Author(s):  ZAMANI MITRA*, PANAHI BAZAZ MAHMOODREZA, ASSADI MONA
 
* OPHTHALMIC INFECTIONS RESEARCH CENTER, AHVAZ JUNDISHAPUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AZADEGAN STREET, AHVAZ 61936, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of corneal collagen cross?linking (CXL) for treatment of corneal ulcers not responding to antimicrobial therapy.
Methods: Eight patients with corneal ulcers associated with corneal melting, not responding to conventional antibiotic therapy, were treated with CXL. The procedure was performed according to the standardized protocol for keratoconus. Preoperative medications were continued after CXL in all cases. Microbiological exams revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 3 cases. Follow up continued from 1 to 10 months.
Results: In 6 of 8 eyes, progression of corneal melting was halted and complete epithelialization occurred. In one eye emergency keratoplasty was needed due to corneal perforation. A conjunctival flap was performed to treat severe localized corneal thinning in one of the patients a few days after CXL. Significant clinical improvement occurred in all cases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis.
Conclusion: CXL can be considered as a promising new treatment in the management of refractory non?healing corneal ulcers, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis.

 
Keyword(s): CORNEAL COLLAGEN CROSS LINKING, CORNEAL ULCER, RIBOFLAVIN, ULTRAVIOLET-A
 
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