Paper Information

Journal:   TEHRAN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL JOURNAL (TUMJ)   FEBRUARY 2016 , Volume 73 , Number 11; Page(s) 791 To 797.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF VITAMIN C SUPPLEMENTATION IN THE PREVENTION OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

 
 
Author(s):  MOLUDI JALAL*, KESHAVARZ SEYED ALI, PAKZAD REZA, SEDGHI NASSER, SADEGHI TARANEH, ALIMORADI FOAD
 
* HOJATDOOST ST., KESHAVARZ BLVD., SCHOOL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCES AND DIETETICS, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Recently, the role of inflammation and oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery has been emphasized. Vitamin C as an antioxidant important role in reducing the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation.
This study aimed to investigate, administration of vitamin C, as a way to reduce the incidence of atrial fibrillation after coronary bypass surgery.
Methods: In this double-blind clinical study, 290 patients in Rajaee Heart Center, from March 2013 to December 2014 who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were randomly divided into intervention and control groups to receive vitamin C and placebo. The intervention group before the surgery in the operating room received 2 grams of vitamin C intravenously then one gram per day for four days prior to surgery.
After the operation, the two groups were compared in terms of the following: Atrial and ventricular arrhythmias after surgery, ICU stay and hospital stay and duration of intubation.
Results: 113 cases and 177 controls (191 men and 99 women) with a mean age of 55.40±14.40 years in both groups (vitamin C and placebo) were enrolled. The incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation was 55% in the placebo group to 35% in the vitamin C group decreased (P=0.001). Duration of intubation in the intervention group 11.8 and the control group was 14.14 hours (P=0.004). The amount of drainage was lower in vitamin C group (P=0.003). Vitamin C had no effect on the rates of hospital and ICU stay (P=0.075). There was no significant reduction in threatening arrhythmia (VT) and VF in this period (P=0.159).
Conclusion: Vitamin C supplements may reduce atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass surgery also can improve conditions such as reducing the duration of intubation.
With regard to the safety, these supplements can be recommended for the prevention of atrial fibrillation before coronary artery bypass surgery.

 
Keyword(s): ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, CORONARY ARTERY SURGERY, VITAMIN C
 
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