Paper Information

Journal:   PARS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JAHROM MEDICAL JOURNAL)   SUMMER 2015 , Volume 13 , Number 2; Page(s) 51 To 57.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS IN PATIENTS WITH FOCAL ASYMMETRY DENSITY IN SCREENING MAMMOGRAPHY

 
 
Author(s):  NAZEMI SAREIR, LASHKARI MOHAMMAD REZA, KALANTARI BEHJAT, HOSSEINI BAB ANARI FATEMEH SADAT*
 
* DEPT. OF RADIOLOGY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, KERMAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, KERMAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women that affects one out of every eight. Given the less invasive treatments available in cases of early diagnosis and their consequent higher life expectancies, the present study was conducted to examine the prevalence of focal asymmetric density in screening mammography in women with an early diagnosis of breast cancer and to compare it with their sonographic findings.
Materials & Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on all the women admitted to Be' sat Radiology Clinic in Kerman between Sep.23rd 2013 and 2014 for undergoing a screening mammography. Of the total 900 women admitted to the clinic during this period, 105 were diagnosed with a focal asymmetric density. After performing an ultrasound and collecting the samples through simple nonprobability sampling, the sonographic findings were compared with the mammography results.
Results: Participants had a mean age of 44±7.3, a minimum age of 29 and a maximum age of 61. A total of 105 (11.6%) were diagnosed with a focal asymmetric density in their mammography. According to the sonographic findings, 30 (28.6%) patients had no lesions, 2 (1.9%) had malignant lesions and 73 (69.5%) had benign lesions. A total of 52 (49.5%) patients had lesions in the right breast, 50 (47.6%) had lesions in the left breast and 2 (2.7%) had bilateral breast lesions.
Conclusion: When used alongside clinical examinations, imaging techniques are useful for the screening of breast cancer; however, given the diagnostic limitations of ultrasound imaging and mammography, a biopsy is also required in cases of a cancer suspicion.

 
Keyword(s): BREAST CANCER, MAMMOGRAPHY, SONOGRAPHY (ULTRASOUND IMAGING), FOCAL ASYMMETRIC DENSITY
 
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