Paper Information

Journal:   TEHRAN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL JOURNAL (TUMJ)   2003 , Volume 61 , Number 3; Page(s) 238 To 244.
 
Paper: 

FREQUENCY OF ATRIAL SEPTAL ANOMALIES IN PATIENTS WITH CEREBRAL EMBOLIC EVENTS WITH UNKNOWN ORIGIN BY TRANSTHORACIC AND TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY

 
 
Author(s):  NOUZARI YOUNES*, AHMADI KALIJI -
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Background: Atrial septal anomalies suggested to play important role in enhancing tendency to induce cerebral embolic events. This study was undertaken to find the frequency of atrial septal anomalies including Patent Foramen Ovale, Atrial Septal Aneurysm and Atrial Septal Defect in patients with etiologically unknown stroke categorized as cryptogenic.
Materials and Methods: 32 patients were studied by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography.
Results & Conclusion: The mean age was 50.2 years and standard deviation 10.9 years. 17 patients were male and 15 females, of them 40.6 percent had Patent Foramen Ovale, 15.6 percent had Atrial Septal Aneurysm and 6.3 percent had Atrial Septal Defect. 60 percent of patients who had Atrial Septal Aneurysm had also Patent Foramen Ovale.

 
Keyword(s): CEREBRAL EMBOLIC EVENTS, ATRIAL SEPTAL ANOMALIES, TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIO-GRAPHY
 
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