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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN HEART JOURNAL (IHJ)   SUMMER-FALL 2003 , Volume 4 , Number 1-2; Page(s) 59 To 67.
 
Paper: 

THE EVALUATION OF FATTY ACIDS PROFILE IN AVAILABLE HYDROGENATED OILS AND MARGARINES IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  *, MIRZAEEI SHAHLA
 
* Kermanshah - Iran
 
Abstract: 
Objective- Different fat types have different health effects and increasing evidence ‎indicates the greater importance of types of fat than total amounts of consumed fat ‎with respect to the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). While intake of ‎polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats are negatively related to CAD, high ‎consumption of either saturated or trans fatty acids has detrimental effects on plasma ‎lipoproteins, and a positive relationship between their intake and risk of CAD has ‎frequently been reported. This study aimed to assess the fatty acids profile and trans ‎fats in hydrogenated oils and margarines currently available in Iran.
‎ Methods- Different commercial brands of margarines and hydrogenated oils were ‎collected. The total lipid of each sample was extracted, derivitized with 2-‎nitrophenylhydrazide and subjected to fatty acids analysis by HPLC.
‎ Results-The results showed that while all samples contain high amounts of trans fatty ‎acids, the means of total trans and saturated fats were 59.1 and 51.2% for ‎hydrogenated oils and margarines, respectively. In some samples the total trans and ‎saturated fatty acids were more than 70%.
‎ Conclusion- This study proposed that there are high levels of cholesterol-raising fatty ‎acids in available hydrogenated oils and margarines in Iran. Because hydrogenated ‎fats can be eliminated from the food supply by changes in processing that do not ‎require major efforts in education and behavioral modification, these changes would ‎be an extremely efficient and rapid method for substantially reducing rates of ‎coronary disease (Iranian Heart Journal 2003; 4 (2,3): 59-67).‎
 
Keyword(s): FATTY ACID . TRANS FATTY ACID . SATURATED FATTY ACID . HYDROGENATED OIL . MARGARINE . CORONARY .ARTERY DISEASE
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

MIRZAEEI, S. (2003). THE EVALUATION OF FATTY ACIDS PROFILE IN AVAILABLE HYDROGENATED OILS AND MARGARINES IN IRAN. IRANIAN HEART JOURNAL (IHJ), 4(1-2), 59-67. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=4585



Vancouver: Copy

MIRZAEEI SHAHLA. THE EVALUATION OF FATTY ACIDS PROFILE IN AVAILABLE HYDROGENATED OILS AND MARGARINES IN IRAN. IRANIAN HEART JOURNAL (IHJ). 2003 [cited 2021June25];4(1-2):59-67. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=4585



IEEE: Copy

MIRZAEEI, S., 2003. THE EVALUATION OF FATTY ACIDS PROFILE IN AVAILABLE HYDROGENATED OILS AND MARGARINES IN IRAN. IRANIAN HEART JOURNAL (IHJ), [online] 4(1-2), pp.59-67. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=4585.



 
 
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