Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF LETTERS AND HUMANITIES (TABRIZ)   Summer 2003 , Volume 46 , Number 187; Page(s) 1 To 21.
 
Paper: 

CRITERIA OF ADEQUACY AND LANGUAGE UNIVERSALS

 
 
Author(s):  TORABI M.A.*
 
* TABRIZ UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 
In this paper we have tried to examine a number of criteria of adequacy for grammars (and for the linguistic theories associated with them). We have argued that grammars should attain not only observational, but also descriptive adequacy; and we went on to argue that linguistic theories must attain the higher level of explanatory adequacy. In order to achieve this goal, the linguistic theory must be universally valid, psychologically real and maximally constrained. In section 2 we have argued that only maximally constrained theory of language can lead to the development of an adequate theory of language acquisition. We have discussed the innateness hypothesis and have argued that U.G. is a theory of the initial state of the language faculty prior to any language experience; and the goal of linguistic description is to postulate general traits and tendencies in all languages on the basis of studies on grammars of individual languages. In section 3 we have discussed The Theory of Markedness and The Theory of Core Grammar, suggesting that U.G. corresponds to the genetically determined biological foundations of language acquisition. We have argued that the concept of Universal Grammar is based on the assumption of an unmarked Core Grammar. Through actualization of the rules and constraints in individual languages, the specific grammar is developed on the basis of U.G.
 
Keyword(s): ADEQUACY, OBSERVATIONAL, DESCRIPTIVE, EXPLANATIVE, STRUCTURE DEPENDENCE PRINCIPLE, BLUEPRINT, INNATE, UNIVERSAL, CORE GRAMMAR
 
References: 
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