Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS (IJAL)   MARCH 2003 , Volume 6 , Number 1; Page(s) 101 To 117.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF SIMPLIFICATION AND ELABORATION ON READING COMPREHENSION OF IRANIAN EFL LEARNERS

 
 
Author(s):  KESHAVARZ H., MOBARRA MOHAMMAD KAZEM
 
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Abstract: 
Linguistic simplification of written texts may increase their comprehensibility for nonnative speakers but, at the same time, it may perilously reduce their utility for language learning in other ways, for example, through the removal of linguistic items that learners do not know but need to learn. This study was, therefore, conducted to test the hypothesis that elaborative modification observed in oral foreigner talk discourse, where redundancy and explicitness compensate for unknown linguistic items, offers a potential alternative approach to written text modification. To accomplish this task, 5 reading passages were randomly presented to 140 language learners - who had been chosen from among 265 students and whose homogeneity was ensured through a valid test of general English - in one of the three forms; (a) unmodified, (b) simplified, or (c) elaborated. Findings of the study show that the subjects did nearly the same in elaborated and simplified reading passages. However, since elaborated passages preserve the authenticity and naturalness of the language to a quite degree, they are preferable to the conventional simplified texts.
 
Keyword(s): SIMPLIFICATION, ELABORATION, READING COMPREHENSION, IRANIAN EFL LEARNERS
 
References: 
 
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