Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH   2003 , Volume 58 , Number 2; Page(s) 163 To 167.
 
Paper: 

SEROEPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF TOXOPLASMOSIS BY IFA TECHNIQUE IN THE STUDENTS OF FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF SHIRAZ

 
 
Author(s):  RAZAVI S.M.*, ESNAASHARI H.R., GHEYSARI H.R.
 
* Dipartment of Pathobiology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Shiraz, Shirz, Iran
 
Abstract: 

Objective: To investigate the seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in veterinary students of Shiraz University by IFA technique.
Design: Cross- sectional study.
Samples: Blood sera from 87 candidate students
Procedure: Blood sampling of 87 candidate students (18 to 35 years old) including 55 females and 32 males, separation of sera, grouping the sera based on factors including age, sex, year of enterance to university and exposure to cat, testing all samples by IFA and measuring anti - Toxoplasma antibody titer in dilutions 1/16 to 1/256.
Statistical analysis: Chi-square and Fisher exact test.
Results: Twenty-four students out of 87 (27.6%) were seropositive (≥1/16). The prevalence rates of infection in males and females were 18.7% and 32.7% respectively. The prevalence rates of infection on≤22 and ≤22 years- old students were 34.9% and 20.4% respectively. Variables of infection rate and exposure to cat were independent. Variables of sex, age and the year of entrance to university were dependent to infection rate.
Conclusion: As the results showed, the infection rate was increased by the age probably due to higher exposure to parasite. Variables of infection rate and exposure to cat (definite host) were independent and it revealed that other route of infection such as consuming infected meat and contaminated vegetables are more important.

 
Keyword(s): TOXOPLASMOSIS, SEROEPIDEMIOLOGY, IFA, AND SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
References: 
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