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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF SOIL AND WATERS SCIENCES   2003 , Volume 17 , Number 2; Page(s) 220 To 231.
 
Paper: 

PROBLEMS AND OBSTACLES IN UTILIZATION OF NEW IRRIGATION SYSTEMS BY FARMERS IN KOHGILUYEH AND BOYRAHMAD PROVINCE

 
 
Author(s):  AMIRI ARDAKANI M., ZAMANI G.H.
 
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Abstract: 
Development of new irrigation technologies is one of the most important solutions to water crisis, especially in recent droughts. During the past years, irrigation technologies have been developed to improve agricultural water efficiency in Iran. The main purpose of this study was to examine the economical, social and technical problems influencing adaptation of drip and sprinkler irrigation systems by the farmers in Kohgiluyeh and Boyrahmad (KB) province. The experimental design was a survey research. The population consisted of the farmers who had the drip and sprinkler irrigation systems on their farms. Fifty-two farmers from 3 counties of KB province were selected with stratified random sampling method. Data were collected with questionnaire. Three extension and education specialists and two irrigation experts examined suitability and face validity of the questions. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient was calculated for determining the internal consistency of the questionnaire. Alpha coefficient for different questions varied from 0.70 to 0.94. The results indicate that responding farmers have little communication with agricultural college professors and agricultural center/station researchers. The results also showed that most of the economical problems that farmers confront with are due to the bank services. One of the main problems is lack of effective quality control of the farm equipments. Furthermore, support and services presented by the equipment suppliers are not adequate. The correlation between farmers^, satisfaction and their technical problems was negative and significant. There was a negative and significant correlation between farmers^, participation in extension/education programs and their technical problems.
 
Keyword(s): KEYWORDS: IRRIGATION, PROBLEMS OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 86
 
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