Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF DENTAL MEDICINE   2003 , Volume 16 , Number 1 (34); Page(s) 29 To 34.
 
Paper: 

AN EVALUATION OF FACTORS OF PERMANENT CENTRAL CROWN FRACTURES IN 7-12 YEARS OLD CHILDREN

 
 
Author(s):  GHANDEHARY-MOTLAGH M., FARAJY P.
 
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Abstract: 

Statement of Problem: Central crown fractures of deciduous and permanent teeth lead to unfavorable psychological effects on both children and their parents. Moreover, it can cause malocclusion. So, recognizing tooth fracture reasons plays an important role to prevent its side effects.
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons of permanent central crown fractures in (7-12) years old children.
Materials and Methods: Records of 218 children, with at least one central tooth fracture, referred to pediatric department of faculty of dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, from 1999 to 2000, were studied. All the related information about fracture such as: reason, location, time, type of occlusion, and type of fracture were recorded.
Results: It was found that falling down (45.4%) and having contact with external objects (21.6%) were the main reasons for permanent centrals fractures. The mean age of these children was 9.78±1.24 and 63.3% of them were boys. It should be noted that 41.3% of them had unsupported lip. The highest rate of fractures belonged to upper centrals. Based on Ellis classification, most fractures were of degree 3 (52.7%). There was no significant relationship between overbite and overjet with the degree of fracture (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Dental skeletal malocclusions such as Cl 11, Div 1, central incisors protrusion and developmental defects of tooth structure should be considered as determinant factors in tooth crown fractures.

 
Keyword(s): DENTAL FRACTURE, DEGREE OF FRACTURE, PERMANENT CENTRAL
 
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