Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY AND NUTRITION   SPRING 2015 , Volume 12 , Number 2 (46); Page(s) 63 To 70.
 
Paper:  THE RELATIONS BETWEEN BREAKFAST CONSUMPTION, BODY COMPOSITION AND CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS IN SCHOOL CHILDREN
 
Author(s):  GHOLAMI M.*, MOHAMMADI ASL L.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT SCIENCES, SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: The children who eat breakfast, have better cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and enhanced ability to learn as compared to others who do not follow this pathway. The aim of this study is to analyse the relations between the eating breakfast, body composition and CRF in school children.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out including 164 girls aged between 9 to 11 years. Body composition, CRF and Physical Activity level were assessed during school time. Frequency of eating breakfast was assessed by a questionnaire and classified as never, sometimes or always. Fitness was estimated from a 540 m test and the participants were classified as having low or high CRF. Body composition was evaluated and children were classified as obese or non-obese. PA was estimated from physical activity questionnaire and the participants were classified as having low or high PA.
Results: Frequency of eating breakfast showed that 18% of school children never had breakfast, 24% ate sometimes and 58% always ate breakfast. There was no significant relation between the frequency of breakfast and anthropometric characteristic. Breakfast consumption was not associated with physical activity (p=0.3) and with CRF (p=0.3).
Conclusion: fitness level, body composition and PA are not associated with the frequency of eating breakfast in schoolchildren.

 
Keyword(s): BREAKFAST, BODY COMPOSITION, CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS, EXERCISE
 
References: 
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