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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF NATURAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS   MAY 2014 , Volume 9 , Number 2; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

T-2 TOXIN ANALYSIS IN POULTRY AND CATTLE FEEDSTUFF

 
 
Author(s):  GHOLAMPOUR AZIZI ISSA, AZARMI MASUMEH, DANESH POUYA NASER, ROUHI SAMANEH*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY, CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR RESEARCH CENTER, KURDISTAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SANANDAJ, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: T-2 toxin is a mycotoxin that is produced by the Fusarium fungi. Consumption of food and feed contaminated with T-2 toxin causes diseases in humans and animals.
Objectives: In this study T-2 toxin was analyzed in poultry and cattle feedstuff in cities of Mazandaran province (Babol, Sari, Chalus), Northern Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 90 samples were analyzed for T-2 toxin contamination by the ELISA method.
Results: Out of 60 concentrate and bagasse samples collected from various cities of Mazandaran province, 11.7% and 3.3% were contaminated with T-2 toxin at concentrations>25 and 50
mg/kg, respectively. For mixed poultry diets, while 10% of the 30 analyzed samples were contaminated with>25 mg/kg, none of the tested samples contained T-2 toxin at levels>50 mg/kg.
Conclusions: The results obtained from this study show that poultry and cattle feedstuff can be contaminated with different amounts of T-2 toxin in different conditions and locations. Feedstuff that are contaminated by this toxin cause different diseases in animals; thus, potential transfer of mycotoxins to edible by-products from animals fed mycotoxin-contaminated feeds drives the need to routinely monitor mycotoxins in animal feeds and their components. This is the basis on which effective management of mycotoxins and their effects can be implemented.

 
Keyword(s): T-2 TOXIN, POULTRY, CATTLE
 
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