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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ANIMAL RESEARCH (IRANIAN JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY)   SPRING 2014 , Volume 27 , Number 1; Page(s) 89 To 99.
 
Paper: 

STUDY ON EFFECT OF ALOE VERA (ALOE VERA) ON CHANGES OF IMMUNOGLOBULINS IGM, IGA AND IGG, TOTAL PROTEIN AND DIFFERENTIAL COUNTS OF WHITE BLOOD CELLS OF RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORYNCHUS MYKISS)

 
 
Author(s):  ATAEIMEHR B., BAGHERI P., EMTYAZJOO M., YOUSEFI SIAHKALROODI S.
 
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Abstract: 

The effect of Aloe vera (Aloe vera) on changes of immunoglobulins IgM, IgA and IgG, Total protein and Differential counts of white blood cells of Rainbow trout (Oncorynchus mykiss) with weight of 50±2g was studied. The test was started after 2 weeks of acclimation and fish were fed with dosage of Aloe vera powder 0.1, 0.5 and 1% as the treatment groups. The same diet without any additional Aloe vera used as the control group. The test continued for 30 days. Blood sampling was collected at 0, 12, 24, 120, 240, 360 and 720 hours after beginning the test. The results showed that of immunoglobulinM (IgM) in treatment1 and 3 until 24 hours, treatment 2 until 240 hours of transferring, there was significant difference between immunoglobulin M concentration of all treatments with the control group (P<0.05) and the maximum concentration of IgM (2.25±0.11mg/ml) was in treatment with 1% Aloe vera dosage. The results of IgA and IgG showed zero concentration in all hours. The results of Total protein showed that until 120 hours of transferring, there was significant difference between Total protein concentration of treatments 2 and 3 with the control group (P<0.05) and maximum Total protein concentration (43.37±5.8 mg/ml) was in treatment with 1% Aloe vera dosage. The results of differential counts of white blood cells showed that in until 240, 360 and 120 hours of transferring respectivily, there was significant increase between, Lymphocyte in treatment 1, 2 and 3 with the control group (P<0.05). The result of Monocyte showed in treatment 2 in 120 hours and treatment 3 in 120 and 720 hours there was significant increase with the control group (P<0.05). The result of Notrophil showed significant reduction in treatment 1 until 240 hours and in treatments 2 and 3 until 120 hours with the control group (P<0.05). The result of Eosinophil showed significant reduction in treatment 2 until 720 hours and in treatment 3 until 120 and 720 hours with the control group (P<0.05).

 
Keyword(s): ALOE VERA, IMMUNOGLOBULIN, TOTAL PROTEIN, DIFFERENTIAL COUNT OF WHITE BLOOD CELLS, ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS
 
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