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Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-SU   SPRING 2011 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 70 To 79.
 
Paper: 

HOLISTIC ATTITUDE IN ARCHITECTURE CREATION AND SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE EDUCATION

 
 
Author(s):  AZIZI SHADI*
 
* AZAD UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE
 
Abstract: 

During the history we see various definition of architecture which has come from human attitudes and the change in economical, social and ecological paradigm in all time.
Even every time we face with different paradigm of aesthetic in this field.
Technology and human knowledge Development affect architecture. One of the most important reasons for fundamental changes in design and definition of architecture is Descartes philosophical idea.
He is the famous philosopher in 16-17 century who said “I think therefore I am” This sentence modifies fundamentals of architecture. In addition, segregation between feeling and thinking occurred.
Consequently world view of architecture.
Become important for creating architecture and every artistic work. Subsequently some architects have tried to cover the gap between Feeling and thinking. And again gather them together as a whole. So we see many attempts in architecture school in this way.
This paper, at the beginning speaks about approaches of thinking and worldview of architecture schools and architects from Vitruvius up to now. After Vitruvius as an architect with holistic thinking in design Process, this paper present Bauhaus as the first school of architecture after Renaissance which has holistic attitude to architecture.
Then ecological crisis and Literature of sustainability, sustainable design and education of sustainability in 20 century are reconsidered.
All and all, this paper tries to introduce sustainable development in 21 century as a worldview instead of a technical implementation. In addition tries to declare sustainable worldview as a holistic approach of thinking and designing. Also of sustainability to sum up many various skill and knowledge, teaching sustainable design maybe less about adding content to the curriculum and more about adjusting and clarifying the process. Then because of rigid structure of education system in our architecture school, the process which is mentioned couldn’t be achieved. As a result, this paper proposes a flexible system for teaching architecture in school that could handle needs of teaching sustainability theme.

 
Keyword(s): HOLISTIC, SUSTAINABILITY, EDUCATION, DESIGN, FRAGMENT
 
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